Ecuador Energy Information
2018 Ecuador Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.38 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 2.19 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.1%
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Ecuador Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption is around 0.86 toe, a level 33% below the South American average (2018). Per capita electricity consumption is approximately 1 500 kWh.
Energy consumption increased rapidly between 2005 and 2015 (3.7%/year), reaching 15 Mtoe in 2015. It decreased in 2016 and has been stable since then (14.5 Mtoe in 2018), as a result of low economic growth.
Oil supplies 81% of the country's total energy consumption, hydroelectricity 12%, biomass 4%, and gas 3% (2018).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ecuador Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has been decreasing slowly since 2014 (26 Mt in 2018), as Ecuador followed the OPEC production-cut programmes. It increased by 3%/year between 2009 and 2014, following the inauguration of the Panacocha field, and reached an all-time high of 28 Mt. Production comes from the east of the country, with the most productive fields being Shushufindi, Sacha, Auca, ITT, Libertador, and Lago Agrio.
Interactive Chart Ecuador Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Plan for Good Living 2013-2022 establishes the target of reaching 60% of renewables in power capacity in 2017 and 68% in 2022. The 2017 goal was nearly achieved as renewables represented 57% of the capacity.
The National Plan for Development 2017-2021 establishes a target of 90% of electricity generation from renewables in 2021 (69% in 2018).
Interactive Chart Ecuador Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, Ecuador aims to reduce its energy-related emissions by 20.4-25% from BAU levels in 2025. This reduction target could be raised to 37.5-45.8% in 2025, provided the availability of international support.
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion decreased by 4%/year between 2015 and 2017, to 34 Mt in 2017, mainly due to a decrease in oil product consumption. However, they rose again by 7% in 2018 due to higher oil consumption. Previously, they had increased 2-fold between 2000 and 2014 (5.5%/year).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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