Ecuador Energy Information
Ecuador Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -7.8 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 1.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 14.9%
* at purchasing power parity
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Ecuador Related News
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Ecuador Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption is around 0.76 toe, a level 36% below the South American average (2020). Per capita electricity consumption is approximately 1 400 kWh.
Energy consumption fell by 12% in 2020 (13.5 Mtoe). Previously, it had been roughly stable from 2015 to 2019 as a result of low economic growth, after a rapid increase between 2009 and 2015 (around 8%/year).
Oil supplies 79% of the country's total energy consumption, hydroelectricity 15%, biomass 4%, and gas 2% (2020).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ecuador Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production decreased by almost 10% in 2020 (27.9 Mt), after being rather stable over 2017-2019, following a slight decrease between 2014 and 2017. Previously, it increased by 3%/year between 2009 and 2014, following the inauguration of the Panacocha field. Production comes from the east of the country, with the most productive fields being Shushufindi, Sacha, Auca, and ITT, with productions between 57 and 75 kb/d).
Interactive Chart Ecuador Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The objective set in the National Plan for Good Living 2017-2021 for a share of 90% of electricity generation from renewables (including hydropower) in 2021 has not been achieved (78% reached in 2020 and 81% in 2021 according to ARCERNNR). The Maestro Plan For Electricity 2018-2027 projects a share of 88% of electricity generation by renewable sources in 2027.
Interactive Chart Ecuador Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its revised NDC 2019), Ecuador aims to reduce its GHG emissions by 20.9% from BAU levels in 2025. This reduction target could be raised to 32.8%, provided the availability of international support.
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion fell by 16% in 2020 to 29.6 MtCO2 due to a sharp reduction in energy consumption linked to the COVID crisis. Previously, it decreased by around 1.1%/year on average between 2015 and 2019, after doubling between 2000 and 2014 (5.2%/year).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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