Cyprus Energy Information
Cyprus Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.23 %/year
Energy independence: 7.05%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 5.31 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 3.27%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Cyprus energy report
Cyprus Related News
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Cyprus Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2019, Cyprus had a per capita consumption of 1.9 toe, that is still 21% below its peak level of 2.4 toe in 2008 and 38% below the EU average. Electricity consumption per capita was around 4 000 kWh in 2019 (8% below its 2008 level and 29% below the EU average).
Total energy consumption increased by 3.3%/year between 2013 and 2019, to 2.3 Mtoe, and dropped by 5.5% in 2020.
Oil covers around 90% of the country's needs, solar 3%, biomass 5%, and wind 2% (2019). The share of oil has eroded slightly since 2010 (95%) to the advantage of biomass and electricity.
Interactive Chart Cyprus Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since the closure of the Larnaca oil refinery in 2004 Cyprus has imported all its oil products. The refinery was transformed into an import terminal and a storage centre. Around half of oil product imports are used to produce electricity and about a third goes to the transport sector (2019).
COSMOS has a total oil product storage capacity of 575 kt (2019), enough to cover 90 days of oil product consumption.
Interactive Chart Cyprus Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The Cyprus Energy Agency is also in charge ofthe development of renewable energies.
The NECP sets a target of 23% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2030, including at least 26% in electricity, up to 39% for heating and cooling, and up to 14% for transport. The 2020 target (13%) was exceeded, with 16.9% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (including 37% in heating and cooling, 12% in electricity, and 7.7% in transport).
Interactive Chart Cyprus Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Total GHG emissions have been increasing slightly since 2013, reaching 8.9 MtCO2e in 2019. They reached a peak of 10 MtCO2e in 2008 and dropped by 21% between 2008 and 2013 with the deep economic recession.
Cyprus' NECP aims to reduce GHG emissions by 24% by 2030 compared to 2005, including -24.9% in ETS sectors and -20.9% in non-ETS sectors (including industry, waste, and agriculture). In 2019, GHG emissions were 4% below 2005 levels.
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