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Colombia Energy Information

2019 Colombia Key Figures

Population: 49.9 million
GDP growth rate: 3.32 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 86.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.67 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.2%

Colombia Related News

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Colombia Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita consumption is around 0.81 toe and 1 300 kWh of electricity (2019).

Total energy consumption has remained roughly stable around 39-40 Mtoe since 2015 (40 Mtoe in 2019).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Colombia Total Energy Consumption

More research: Colombia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production increased by 2.5% in 2019 to 46 Mt after decreasing from 52 Mt in 2015 to 44 Mt in 2018. Between 2007 and 2011, it rose at the very rapid pace of 15%/year thanks to greater investments in the sector.

The total capacity of oil pipelines reaches 1.2 mb/d (2017).

The OCENSA, Cano Limon and Alto Magdalena oil pipelines connect the fields of Cusiana-Cupiagua, Cano Limon and Neiva fields, respectively, to the Caribbean port of Covenas.

Interactive Chart Colombia Crude Oil Production

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The National Development Plan 2018-2022 set a target of 10% of wind and solar in the power mix set for 2022. The Ministry of Mines and Energy now expects to reach a share of 12%.

Interactive Chart Colombia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

According to its NDC, Colombia has pledged to cut GHG emissions by at least 20% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, a target that could be raised to 25% or 30%, if it receives financial backing from the international community.

CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by 55% (around 6%/year) between 2008 and 2016. After a sharp decrease of 14% in 2017 due to the industry and power sectors, they increased again rapidly in 2018 and 2019 by around 5%/year to 83 MtCO2.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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