Colombia Energy Information
Colombia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -6.1 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 1.49 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.00%
* at purchasing power parity
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Colombia Related News
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Colombia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is around 0.8 toe and 1 400 kWh of electricity (2020).
Total energy consumption dropped in 2020 by 6% to 39 Mtoe. Previously it had fluctuated around 39-41 Mtoe between 2015 and 2019.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Colombia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
In 2020, the pandemic led to a 6% drop in oil production to 43 Mt. Production increased by 2.4% in 2019 to 46 Mt after decreasing from 52 Mt in 2015 to 45 Mt in 2018. Between 2007 and 2011, it rose at the very rapid pace of 15%/year thanks to greater investments in the sector.
The total capacity of oil pipelines reached 1.2 mb/d.
Interactive Chart Colombia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Development Plan 2018-2022 set a target of 10% of wind and solar in the power mix set for 2022. The Ministry of Mines and Energy now expects to reach a share of 12%.
Two power auctions were held in 2019 (Auction CLPE No. 01 - 2019 and Auction CLPE No. 02 - 2019) and one was announced in 2021 (Auction CLPE No. 01 - 2021). The 2019 auctions awarded 1 GW of wind and 0.2 GW of solar to be commissioned in 2022/2023. The 2021 auction is expected to award 5 GW that should be commissioned as soon as end-2022.
Interactive Chart Colombia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its first NDC update (December 2020), Colombia has pledged to cut GHG emissions by at least 52% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario. It is also committed to reducing black carbon by 40% compared to 2014 levels. In April 2021, the government launched the Carbon Neutral Colombia strategy with aim of reaching carbon neutrality by 2050.
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