Colombia Energy Information
Colombia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 10.6 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 1.38 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.86%
* at purchasing power parity
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Colombia Related News
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Colombia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is around 0.8 toe, including 1 500 kWh of electricity (2021).
Total energy consumption increased in 2021 to 39 Mtoe (+5%) after a 15% drop in 2020. Previously, it had fluctuated around 39-44 Mtoe between 2015 and 2019.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Colombia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
In 2021, despite the economic recovery following the COVID pandemic, oil production decreased by 5% to 39 Mt, following a 12% drop in 2020. Oil production reached a peak of 52 Mt in 2015 and has been decreasing since then.
The total capacity of oil pipelines reached 1.2 mb/d.
Interactive Chart Colombia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Development Plan 2018-2022 set a target of 1 500 MW of solar and wind capacity in 2022 (800 MW in 2021).
Three power auctions were launched in 2021 (Auction CLPE No. 01 - 2021, Auction CLPE No. 02 - 2021, and Auction CLPE No. 03 - 2021); the first two awarded 1.7 GW of wind capacity in 2021 and the third awarded 0.8 GW of solar projects in March 2022. Previously, two power auctions had been held in 2019 and awarded 1 GW of wind and 0.2 GW of solar to be commissioned in 2022/2023.
Interactive Chart Colombia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its first NDC update (2020), Colombia has pledged to cut GHG emissions by at least 51% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario. It is also committed to reducing black carbon by 40% compared to 2014 levels. In 2021, the government launched the Carbon Neutral Colombia strategy with the aim of reaching carbon neutrality by 2050, which corresponds to an emissions reduction of 90% compared to 2015.
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