Algeria Energy Information
Algeria Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.70 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 3.40 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.9%
* at purchasing power parity
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Algeria Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Compared to other developing countries with a similar development level, Algeria's consumption is high (1.3 toe per capita), partly because of consumption and losses in the energy sector (mainly in oil and gas production and in LNG plants). Electricity consumption per capita reaches 1 600 kWh (2019).
Total energy consumption growth has been almost two times slower since 2015 (6.3 %/year over 2010-2015 and 3.4%/year since 2015).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Algeria Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production (crude oil and NGL) has been generally decreasing since 2007 from 86 Mt to 64 Mt in 2019 (-26%). The share of the production that is exported has also decreased from 65% in 2007 to 41% in 2019 (26 Mt in 2019).
Algeria has a refining capacity of 650 800 bbl/d (2018), distributed over 5 refineries: Skikda (472 000 bbl/d, including 32 000 bbl/d added in 2013); Arzew (75 000 bbl/d); Algiers (72 000 bbl/d); Hassi Messaoud (22 000 bbl/d); and Sbaa (12 000 bbl/d).
Interactive Chart Algeria Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption increased very rapidly between 2006 and 2015 (+6.3%/year), pushing consumption to 18 Mt in 2015. It decreased between 2015 and 2017, partly as a result of higher fuel prices. It reached a peak at around 20 Mt in 2018 and decreased by 4% in 2019.
Transport absorbs 77% of total oil products consumption.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Algeria Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2010 by 6.4%/year on average.
Power plants consume 42% of the gas, followed by buildings (residential and services, 26%) and industry (21%) (2019). The remaining 11% is used by the hydrocarbon sector.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Algeria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is low and has decreased by a factor of two since 2008; it is mainly consumed in industry (76%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Algeria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption growth has been almost two times slower since 2015 (5%/year over 2015-2019 against 9.5%/year between 2010 and 2015); it reached 70 TWh in 2019. The electrification rate is close to 100%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
In 2019, the residential sector accounted for 33% of electricity consumption, followed by industry with 32%; the tertiary sector has a share of 19%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the framework of the new Programme for the Development of Renewable Energy, adopted in 2015, the Government raised the target for renewables to 22 GW by 2030; they will represent 37% of installed capacity and should cover 27% of the country's electricity supply. The bulk of this new capacity should come from solar PV (13.6 GW), followed by wind (5 GW), solar CSP (2 GW), and biomass (1 GW). This development of renewables should save 300 bcm of gas by 2030 (or 8 times the 2014 gas consumption).
Interactive Chart Algeria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its National Determined Contributions (NDC), the country announced its aim to reduce GHG emissions by 7% by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, which could be raised to 22% under the condition of access to new financial resources from bilateral and multilateral partners, as well as clean technology transfer on concessional and preferential terms.
CO2 emissions from energy use have increased by 5%/year since 2015, reaching 147 Mt in 2019.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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