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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Slovenia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- By 2030, Slovenia aims to cap primary energy demand at 6.4 Mtoe and to cover 27% of final energy consumption with renewables.
- HSE, a state-owned company, represents 56% of the power generation.
- Geoplin dominates the gas market (76% of the wholesale market and 45% of the retail market).
- National company Petrol is the largest fuel retailer.
- Two-thirds of the power mix is CO2-free.
- Residential electricity and gas prices are 25% lower than the EU average.
- Industrial gas prices doubled between 2020 and 2022.
- Total energy consumption recovered in 2021 after declining since 2017.
- The energy intensity is decreasing rapidly.
- Slovenia is developing many electricity and gas interconnection projects.
- With the exception of a 420 MW hydropower project, the development of large capacities remains uncertain as many wind projects were abandoned.
CO2-free power generation in 2021
renewables in final energy consumption by 2030
industrial gas prices over 2020-2022
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Energy Directorate of the Ministry of Infrastructure is in charge of defining the energy policy objectives.
The Energy Agency (Agencija za energijo) is in charge of regulating the energy markets.
Petrol is the national oil company (32.3% state-owned). In 2021, Petrol sold 3.1 Mt of oil products, 45% of which in Slovenia.
As the country's only refinery ceased operating in 1998, Slovenia imports all its oil products (4 Mt in 2020). Italy is its largest supplier (31% in 2020), followed, Austria (14%) and Russia (13%). Preliminary data for 2021 anticipate a decrease in oil product imports for 2021 (-4%), as Greece would move to the number one supplier.
After a 13% drop in 2020, as the government ordered a 20% cut in tariffs for households and small businesses from March to May 2020 in a context of pandemic, residential prices were back to their 2013-2019 levels in 2021. In 2022, electricity prices dropped again for households (-15%) as the government took several measures to lower their increase.
Per capita consumption is 3.1 toe (less than 2% higher than the EU average in 2021). Electricity consumption per capita exceeds 6 400 kWh (12% above the EU average).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
According to ELES's 2021-2030 development plan total capacity could increase to up to 4.7 GW in 2030.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021 %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal and lignite consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal and lignite consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Slovenia energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Slovenia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Slovenia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Slovenia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Slovenia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.