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Peru energy report

Peru energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
29 (Report only)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Peru energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Renewables are planned to account for 60% of the electricity mix in 2025 and GHG emissions should be reduced by 30% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario.
  • I Squared Capital, Engie, and Enel are the main electricity producers, holding 50% of the total capacity.
  • Pluspetrol represents over 80% of total gas production.
  • The power mix is dominated by hydroelectricity (56%), followed by natural gas (38%).
  • Motor fuel prices are among the highest in South America. Electricity prices are quite stable and in line with the South American average.
  • Total energy consumption increased by 7% in 2021 after a 10% drop due to the Covid crisis in 2020.
  • Oil and gas cover 70% of this energy consumption.
  • Peru has around 7 GW of solar and wind projects under development.
largest natural gas exporter in South America, behind Bolivia
renewables share in the power mix in 2021
electrification rate in 2020
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Mines (MINEM) is in charge of the energy sector, through three main Directorates: the General Directorate of Hydrocarbons (DGH), the General Directorate of Electricity (DGE), and the General Directorate of Mines (DGM).

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production decreased by 5% in 2021 to 4.5 Mt. It was stable at around 5 Mt between 2017 and 2019 and decreased by 15% in 2020. Before that, it decreased by almost 30% between 2010 and 2016.

  • Energy Prices


    The reference price of natural gas is Camisea. It is composed of an unregulated portion in the exploration well (in Boca de Pozo), a transportation tariff (Tarifa de Transporte de la Red Principal), and a distribution tariff (Tarifa Única de Distribución); both tariffs are determined by Osinergim.

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2021, energy consumption per capita was 0.7 toe, which is around 40% below the Latin American average (around 1.2 toe). Electricity consumption per capita was 1 500 kWh.

  • Issues & Prospects


    Investments in the power sector are increasing significantly; the majority are made by foreign companies.

    Peru hopes to trade electricity with neighbouring countries via interconnection projects, in particular with Chile, Bolivia and Ecuador (to which Peru already exports).

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Peru energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Peru country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Peru Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Peru energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Peru country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.