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Paraguay energy report

Paraguay energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Paraguay energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country aims at reducing its fossil fuel consumption by 20% and reaching 60% of renewables in its energy mix by 2030.
  • Almost all the capacity is based on multinational hydropower plants that are operated jointly with other countries: Itaipú with Brazil and Yacyretá with Argentina.
  • Paraguay is the largest power exporter in South America and one of the largest worldwide.
  • Power generation relies almost entirely on hydro.
  • Oil product consumption is entirely covered by imports.
  • Diesel prices are 50% higher than the average for South America, while electricity prices are among the lowest in the region.
  • Energy consumption per capita is 22% lower than the average for South America.
  • Oil and biomass cover 80% of total energy consumption.
  • The transport sector accounts for the largest share of final energy consumption.
  • The households sector is the largest electricity consumer.
  • Four solar projects totalling 500 MW have been announced.
  • A 300 MW green hydrogen project is underway.
  • EBC is investing in the first advanced biofuel plant in the southern hemisphere: Omega Green.
renewables in the energy mix by 2030
1.02 t
lowest per capita CO2 emissions in South America
of total energy consumption from oil and biomass
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The energy sector is under the supervision of the Ministry of Public Works and Communication (MOPC), specifically the Vice Ministry of Mines and Energy.

  • Energy Companies


    ANDE (Administración Nacional De Electricidad)is the national electric utility. It is still vertically integrated.

  • Energy Supply


    The country's only refinery ceased operating in 2005. Since then, oil products are entirely imported (2.7 Mt in 2021).

  • Energy Prices


    In 2022, gasoline prices reached US$1.18/l, down from US$1.28/l in 2021, while diesel prices remained stable at US$1.35/l. Due to falling global oil prices and government-imposed price caps, prices fell considerably between 2013 and 2017 (13%/year), then resumed an upward trend until they fell again to US$0.88/l for gasoline and US$0.86/l for diesel in 2020.

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2021, per capita energy consumption stood at 1 toe, 22% lower than the average for South America. Per capita electricity consumption reached 1 898 kWh, down from 1 923 kWh in 2020.

    Total energy consumption stood at 7.5 Mtoe in 2021, reaching an all-time high after it had fallen to 7 Mtoe in 2020, its lowest level since 2016.


  • Issues & Prospects


    The last Generation Master Plan (2021 - 2040) of ANDE projects an annual increase of 5.8%/year in electricity consumption until 2030 and 4.4 to 5.8%/year between 2031 and 2040, depending on the scenario. An additional 2.15 GW of generation capacity is planned on the long term, mainly based on PV (1.6 GW) and batteries.

  • GRAPH 1: Co2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021 %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Paraguay energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Paraguay country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Paraguay Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Paraguay energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).