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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Niger energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Niger aims to reach an installed capacity of 750 MW by 2030 and an electrification rate of 100% by 2035.
- In the long run, the country plans to fully open its power sector to private investors.
- Nigelec dominates the power sector; its concession for the public service of electricity was extended until 2043.
- The Cominak uranium mine, operated by Orano, was shut down in 2021.
- The country is the world's 6th largest uranium producer.
- Around 85% of the power supply is imported.
- Energy prices are fixed by public authorities.
- Total energy consumption is dominated by biomass (77%).
- In 2018, the Kandadji hydro project (130 MW) was relaunched.
- An oil export pipeline to Benin (4.5 Mt/year) entered construction in 2021.
largest uranium producer in the world (2020)
electrification rate (2020)
lowest per capita energy consumption in the world (2020)
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Petroleum, Energy and Renewable Energies is responsible for the energy policy and supervises the two large energy companies.
ARSE, the Energy Sector Regulatory Authority, regulates the energy markets.
Nigelec, Société Nigérienne d'Electricité (95% state-owned), is the national power utility. In 2018, the government granted a 25-year extension on the concession for power production, transmission, distribution, and imports awarded to Nigelec in 1993.
Oil production started in 2011. Since 2013, oil production is between 0.7 Mt/year and 0.9 Mt/year.
CNPC processes its crude oil production at the 20 kb/d Soraz refinery, commissioned in 2011, which supplies most of the domestic needs in refined oil product (78%) with a production of 0.7 Mt in 2020.
Gasoline and diesel prices are very similar, at around US$0.98/l in 2021. They have remained quite stable since 2015.
Graph: GASOLINE & DIESEL PRICES (US$/l)
The country's total energy consumption per capita reached 0.14 toe in 2020, including 54 kWh of electricity. It is the second lowest energy consumption per capita in West Africa, behind Guinea Bissau, and the 9th lowest in the world.
Between 2011 and 2019, total energy consumption increased by 7.3%/year. It remained stable in 2020.
Issues & Prospects
The country's installed capacity is expected to increase to 850 MW by 2030, with at least 30% of renewables (excluding hydro). As of June 2021, 360 MW of projects are currently under construction and 1 050 MW are under development.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Niger energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Niger country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Niger Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Niger energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Niger country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.