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This analysis includes a comprehensive Niger energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Niger aims to reach an installed capacity of 750 MW by 2030 and an electrification rate of 100% by 2035.
  • In the long run, the country plans to fully open its power sector to private investors.
  • Following the military takeover, economic sanctions were imposed.
  • Niger liberalised power generation, with a Mauritanian firm becoming the leading power producer in 2021.
  • France's Orano (ex Areva) operates the only active uranium mine.
  • China's CNPC is a dominant player in the oil sector, controlling the sole field under production and the country's refinery.
  • Niger imports three quarters of its power consumption from Nigeria, which stopped supplying the country in August 2023.
  • Uranium production halved over 2012-2022.
  • The country is a net exporter of petroleum products.
  • The government increased diesel prices by 24% in 2022, after the country experienced fuel shortages.
  • Power tariffs are unchanged since 2018.
  • Energy consumption per capita is among the lowest in the world.
  • Total energy consumption remains dominated by biomass (79%).
  • Access to energy, including clean cooking and electricity, is very limited.
  • Most projects are likely to be delayed following the military takeover, such as the construction of the Kandadji hydro project (130 MW) that was suspended.
  • An oil export pipeline to Benin (4.5 Mt/year) is almost complete.
  • Two uranium mining projects are expected to move forward in the upcoming decade.
largest uranium producer in the world (2021)
electrification rate (2021)
lowest per capita energy consumption in the world (2021)
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum, Mines, and Energy is responsible for the energy policy and supervises the two large energy companies. Before the military takeover of July 2023 and the formation of a transition government, the ministries of Petroleum and Energy & Renewable Energies were separated.

  • Energy Companies


    Nigelec, Société Nigérienne d'Electricité (95% state-owned), is the national power utility. In 2018, the government implemented a 25-year extension on the concession for power production, transmission, distribution, and imports awarded to Nigelec in 1993.

  • Energy Supply


    Niger's recoverable reserves of uranium are the 8th largest in the world, at 518 kt in 2021 (at less than US$260/kgU), while its coal and oil reserves reached 6 Mt and 20 Mt, respectively, at the end of 2021. Its hydroelectric potential of 0.8 TWh has not yet been developed.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2021, the price of electricity was US$8.8c/kWh for industry and US$13.9c/kWh for households.

  • Energy Consumption

    In a context of rapid population growth (almost 4%/year over 2010-2022), the country's total energy consumption per capita remains small at 0.14 toe in 2021 (stable compared to 2010), including 59 kWh of electricity (+13% since 2010). It is the lowest energy consumption per capita in West Africa and the 5th lowest in the world.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The development of the Agadem field helped to identify gas resources of about 10 bcm.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Niger energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Niger country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Niger Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Niger energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).