This analysis includes a comprehensive Mali energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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share of hydropower in power mix
biomass share in total consumption
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Mines, Energy, and Water is responsible for energy policy, general organisation of the sector, the study and implementation of hydroelectric projects and regulation of the energy sector.
The Ministry of Economy and Finance supervises the National Office of Oil Products (ONAP).
About 30% of the supply is provided by 3 subsidiaries of multinational companies (Total, with over 70 service stations, Exxon-Mobil, and Shell) that are gathered in the GPP ("Groupement des Professionnels du Pétrole"). Malian companies supply the rest of the market and are gathered in GMPP ("Groupement Malien des Professionnels du Pétrole").
All the oil products consumed in the country are imported, mainly from Senegal, Ivory Coast, and Niger. Oil product imports have doubled since 2010, reaching 1.8 Mt in 2020.
Oil product prices are regulated. They are revised on a monthly basis according to international prices, although the variations in international oil prices are not entirely reflected in motor fuel prices. A floating Tax on Petroleum Product Imports (TIPP) applies. The prices of gasoline and diesel were relatively stable in 2021 at US$1.25/l and U$1.10$/l, respectively.
Energy consumption per capita is low, at about 0.27 toe/capita, including 165 kWh of electricity (2020).
Energy consumption is dominated by biomass, which represented 65% of the total energy consumption in 2020 despite a declining share (-8 points since 2010). It is followed by oil with 32% and hydroelectricity and power imports with 2%.
Issues & Prospects
Several companies are active in the oil exploration sector, and especially in the Taoudenni basin, the most promising basin in Mali: Sipex (subsidiary of Sonatrach); a joint venture between Afex Global and Glencore; and a joint venture between Heritage Oil and Mali Oil Development.
Below is a list of the Mali energy market report graphs:
In the Mali energy market report you will find the following tables:
The Mali energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Mali country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
The Mali country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
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