Skip to main content

Mali energy report

Mali energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
27 (Report only)
Immediate by e-mail
Table of Contents

Download the Table of Contents

Buy Mali energy report

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 2 files by email (one pdf report and one excel file containing the datasets).

890 €


This analysis includes a comprehensive Mali energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The electrification rate is growing rapidly (+23 points since 2010).
  • EDM-SA intends to develop electricity imports and solar to reduce the cost of electricity.
  • The country is widely dependent on oil imports and hydropower with an irregular supply.
  • Oil and electricity prices are subsidised to avoid high variations.
  • The energy consumption relies mostly on biomass (65%), which accounts for over 90% of household consumption.
  • The government is developing hydropower and solar projects to improve electricity supply.


electrification rate


share of hydropower in power mix


biomass share in total consumption

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Mines, Energy, and Water is responsible for energy policy, general organisation of the sector, the study and implementation of hydroelectric projects and regulation of the energy sector.

    The Ministry of Economy and Finance supervises the National Office of Oil Products (ONAP).

  • Energy Companies


    EDM-SA (State 66%, IPS-Industrial Promotion Services 34%) is the national electricity company. It was created following the privatisation of EDM (Energie du Mali) in 2000. Initially the State had kept just 40%, with Bouygues (39%) and IPS (21%) holding the remainder, but following disputes with the State, Bouygues pulled out of the company in 2005.

  • Energy Supply


    Mali has no proven fossil fuel reserves and is entirely dependent on imports. The hydroelectric potential of the country is estimated at 1 150 MW. Forests cover 300 000 km2, 33 000 km2 of which are listed (25% of the surface area of Mali).

  • Energy Prices


    Oil product prices are regulated. They are revised on a monthly basis according to international prices, although the variations in international oil prices are not entirely reflected in motor fuel prices. A floating Tax on Petroleum Product Imports (TIPP) applies. The prices of gasoline and diesel were relatively stable in 2021 at US$1.25/l and U$1.10$/l, respectively.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is low, at about 0.27 toe/capita, including 165 kWh of electricity (2020).

    Energy consumption is dominated by biomass, which represented 65% of the total energy consumption in 2020 despite a declining share (-8 points since 2010). It is followed by oil with 32% and hydroelectricity and power imports with 2%.

  • Issues & Prospects


    Several companies are active in the oil exploration sector, and especially in the Taoudenni basin, the most promising basin in Mali: Sipex (subsidiary of Sonatrach); a joint venture between Afex Global and Glencore; and a joint venture between Heritage Oil and Mali Oil Development.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Mali energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Mali country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Mali Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Mali energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Mali country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.