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Israel energy report

Israel energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Israel energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Israel aims to achieve 18% of energy savings and reach 30% of renewables in its power mix in 2030.
  • IEC dominates power generation (52%) and is the sole company for transmission and distribution.
  • Noble Energy dominates natural gas exploration and production.
  • In 2021, total energy consumption remained stable.
  • The share of gas in the energy mix has increased by 31 points since 2012, at the expense of oil and coal.
  • Oil prices follow international prices, but are much higher than in neighbouring countries. In 2022, they increased by 16% on average.
  • In 2021, total energy consumption remained stable.
  • The share of gas in the energy mix has increased by 31 points since 2012, at the expense of oil and coal.
  • The government plans to develop 4 GW of new gas-fired capacity and to be "coal free" by 2030.
  • The fourth round of tenders was launched for 20 explorations blocks.


annual decrease in final energy intensity over 2015-2030


of renewables in power capacity in 2021

x 2

gas production over 2019- 2021

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy supervises the energy sector. It does so through the Natural Gas and Oil Department that regulates the exploitation of oil and gas resources, through the Gas Authority and the Fuel Administration that regulate the transportation and distribution of gas and oil to the markets, and through the "Electricity Authority" for electricity.

  • Energy Companies


    IEC, Israel Electric Corporation is the national electricity utility company (99.85% state-owned).

  • Energy Supply


    Israel's proven gas reserves are very large, at a current estimated level of about 538 bcm (end of 2021). The proven oil shale reserves are estimated at 250 mbl of oil (third largest oil shale deposits in the world, after USA and China), i.e. the equivalent of 60 years of consumption. Israel also has a large solar potential.

  • Energy Prices


    The prices of gasoline and diesel are close (US$2.23/l and US$2.34/l, respectively, in 2022). Prices follow global trends in oil prices: they increased until 2018 (+11%/year), declined again until 2020 (-5%/year for gasoline and -4%/year for diesel), and then increased by around 16% in 2022. Prices are significantly higher than in neighbouring countries like Lebanon and Jordan.

  • Energy Consumption

    Israel's consumption per capita is 2.3 toe (including around 6 574 kWh of electricity) (2021).

    Between 2015 and 2019, consumption was quite stable at around 22 Mtoe; it decreased by 3% in 2020 to around 21 Mtoe and remained stable in 2021.

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to the Electricity Authority, electricity generation is expected to reach 97 TWh in 2030 (+2.8%/year over 2017-2030). To meet rising demand, the installed capacity should reach 23.4 GW in 2030 (+3.4 GW compared to 2020), mainly from solar (+400 MW/year on average between 2020 and 2030) and gas.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021 %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021 %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Israel energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Israel country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Israel Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Israel energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Israel country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.