Congo energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Congo energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Congo energy report
December 2020
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
23 (Report only)

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  • Oil represents about half of the country's GDP and almost all exportation income.
  • A new code for hydrocarbons was adopted in 2015. From now onwards, gas flaring is prohibited in Congo.
  • Total and Eni are the leading oil and natural gas producers.
  • Energie Electrique du Congo (E2C) is the national electricity company.
  • After a decline related to the maturity of some fields, oil production increased again in 2018 due to drilling at new oil fields.
  • The installed power capacity has doubled since 2010.
  • Final energy consumption has remained rather stable over the last five years.
  • Congo has an extensive hydropower potential, but most of it remains untapped. Several dams are planned, including the very controversial Sounda Gorge project (600 MW).


largest oil producer in Sub-Saharan Africa


electricity capacity between 2010 and 2019


of gas is re-injected or flared


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Congo is located in Sub-Saharan Africa, and is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Its capital city is called Brazzaville. Its main resources are hydrocarbons, wood and minerals.

  • Energy Companies


    Eni is the leading natural gas producer in Congo.

  • Energy Supply


    The country has relatively large reserves of hydrocarbons (217 Mt of oil and 284 bcm of gas end of 2019) and a hydroelectric potential of almost 4 000 MW. About 2/3 of the tropical forest (covering 60% of the surface area) are economically exploitable. The potential is estimated at 1.8 Mt.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per inhabitant is 0.6 toe (0.2 toe without biomass), in line with the Sub-Saharian Africa average, including 290 kWh of electricity (2019), i.e. around 20% below the regional average.


  • Issues & Prospects


    Following the recent commissioning of large power plants, the country now has enough generating capacities to satisfy a large part of the demand. The objective is now to modernise and develop the grid network to extend the distribution of electricity.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Congo energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 6: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 7: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Congo energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Congo energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Congo country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Congo Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Congo energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Congo country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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