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Congo DR energy report

Congo DR energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Congo DR energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The Government aims to increase the electrification rate to 100% in 2030 and to exploit the huge hydro potential.
  • Perenco is the only oil producer.
  • Electricity is produced almost entirely from hydro.
  • The oil production is entirely exported.
  • Motor fuel prices are among the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • More than 90% of energy needs are covered by biomass.
  • The electrification rate is among the lowest in the world.
  • Several hydropower projects are under development, including the Grand Inga plant, which would be the largest hydropower plant in the world.


share of electricity production from hydropower


decrease in oil production in 2020


share of biomass in energy consumption

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Hydraulic Resources controls the power sector.

    The Ministry of Hydrocarbons is in charge of oil and gas issues. The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development is responsible for the management of forests and climate change.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production was roughly stable between 2008 and 2019 (1.1-1.2 Mt) and dropped by 5% in 2020. It declined between a peak of 1.4 Mt in 2004 and 2008.

    Since the closure of the SOCIR refinery in 2001, all the crude oil production is exported.

  • Energy Prices


    Gasoline and diesel prices are very high (among the top five countries in Sub-Saharan Africa), at about US$1/l in 2020. They decreased recently, following global price trends. That was not necessarily the case before, as prices are set by the government, which negotiates with oil importers on the average exchange rate to apply in the end-consumer price structure.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is 0.34 toe, including around 100 kWh of electricity (2020).

    Total consumption has increased by 2%/year since 2012.

    Biomass covers 94% of the country's energy needs. Although it has a large surplus of firewood, the eastern part of the country, which is more populated, is subject to fast deforestation, just like the periphery of the cities.

  • Issues & Prospects


    Some oil fields are located offshore in a Common Interest Area with Angola, but are currently exploited by Angola only. Negotiations are ongoing to equally share the resources and develop their potential together. But RDC has claimed a part of Angolan production since 2003.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Congo DR energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Congo DR country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Congo DR Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Congo DR energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Congo DR country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.