Bulgaria energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Bulgaria energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Bulgaria energy report
March 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
40 (Report only)

Immediate by e-mail

 990 € 

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 4 files by email (one pdf report and 3 excel files containing the datasets).



  • Bulgaria's electricity and gas market liberalisation remains limited.
  • Since 2011, Bulgaria has multiplied disincentives for renewables.
  • Bulgarian Energy Holding (BEH) accounts for around 55% of power generation, 90% of wholesale gas sales, and more than 90% of lignite mining.
  • Electricity distribution is ensured by 3 foreign companies.
  • CO2-free sources accounted for 52% of power generation in 2019. Russia is the main gas supplier, with a declining market share.
  • Electricity and gas prices for households are more than 40% below the EU average.
  • Total energy consumption has been rather stable since 2014.
  • Bulgaria has revived its Belene nuclear project.
  • Many regional gas interconnection projects are under development, as Bulgaria aims to become a regional gas hub.


highest energy intensity in the EU (2019)


of lignite in the power mix (2019)


of renewables in the final energy consumption (2019)


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy oversees the country's energy policy.

    The Energy and Water Regulatory Commission (EWRC) regulates the energy sector, including some energy prices (gas, electricity, water and district heating). It also approves the construction of gas and oil pipelines.

    Its independence was strengthened by an amendment to the Bulgarian Energy Law in March 2015.

  • Energy Companies


    In 2008, the five large public energy companies - historical operators of the electricity sector, gas and coal companies - were grouped under BEH, Bulgarian Energy Holding.

  • Energy Supply


    Bulgaria has substantial lignite reserves (2.2 Gt), although they are difficult to reach because they are located under cities and villages, and have a high sulphur content (2%). Bulgaria also has more modest reserves of coal (192 Mt), oil (2.5 Mt) and natural gas (less than 5 bcm).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices soared between 2002 and 2013 (+71% for industry and +81% for households) to reflect production costs. The 9% increase in 2012 triggered massive demonstrations and the government resignation in 2013. Residential prices have increased moderately since then (+1%/year between 2015 and 2020), while industrial prices rose by 4.5%/year until 2019 (-7% in 2020).

  • Energy Consumption

    Consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (13% lower than the EU average in 2019), with electricity accounting for about 4 400 kWh in 2019 (20% below the EU average).

    Total energy consumption has been rather stable since 2014 (18.5 Mt in 2019). It had contracted by 2.7%/year between 2006 and 2013.

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to ESO, electricity consumption should increase slightly between 2020 and 2029 (+0.5%/year). Between 2020 and 2029, ESO expects a capacity addition of 560 MW of CHP and 1 465 MW of renewables (equally shared between wind and solar).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Bulgaria energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy 2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Bulgaria energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Bulgaria energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Bulgaria country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Bulgaria Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Bulgaria energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Bulgaria country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Bulgaria country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

Shopping cart

Your shopping cart is empty.

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes CB VISA MASTERCARD