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Bosnia and Herzegovina energy report

Bosnia and Herzegovina energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Bosnia and Herzegovina energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Policy adoption is slow due to the fragmented administrative structure.
  • Three power generation and distribution companies benefit from regional monopolies.
  • The power sector unbundling process has been delayed.
  • Lignite supplied 71% of the power mix in 2021.
  • The country is a net power exporter, with a level linked to hydropower generation.
  • Electricity and gas prices for households are 60% lower than in the EU.
  • The energy mix is dominated by lignite (69% in 2020).
  • Electricity consumption declined in 2019 and 2020, due to the shutdown of an aluminium plant.
  • There are many power and gas interconnection projects with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro.


of lignite in the power mix (2020)


in household gas and electricity prices compared to EU average

2.4 GW

of new wind capacity proposed

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Bosnia and Herzegovina are a Balkan country that became independent from Yugoslavia in 1992. Since the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, the country has been split in two entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republic of Srpska (RS); in addition, the district of Brčko has a special status.

  • Energy Companies


    The power sector consists of three vertically integrated public monopolies (90% public): Elektroprivreda BiH (EP BIH) (Sarajevo area), Elektroprivreda RS (ERS), and Elektroprivreda HZ HB (EP HZ HB) (Mostar area).

  • Energy Supply


    All the gas is imported by BH Gas from Russia through Hungary and Serbia. Gas imports declinedby 9% in 2020, for the second consecutive year, after 6% in 2019 (O.21 bcm in 2020). In 2015, Gazprom signed a contract with GAS RES, the company in charge of gas in the RS, to supply 0.106 bcm of gas directly to the RS.

  • Energy Prices


    Motor fuel prices are following international trends, rising between 2016 and 2019 (+6.5% for gasoline and +9.8%/year for diesel), falling in 2020 (-13% and -17%, respectively), and then rebounding in 2021 (+11% each). They surged between 2000 and 2012 (+71% for gasoline and doubling for diesel) and then declined until 2016 (-7%/year and -8%/year, respectively).

  • Energy Consumption

    The country's overall consumption per capita reaches 1.8 toe (34% below the EU average in 2020) with electricity accounting for 3 121 kWh (40% below the EU average).

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to NOS BIH's plans, electricity consumption is expected to increase by 1.1%/year between 2020 and 2031. Many power projects have been announced, including 2.6 GW of lignite-fired projects, 1.3 GW of hydropower, 1.9 GW of wind, and 0.3 GW of solar, but NOS BIH expects less than 600 MW to be commissioned by 2031.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & Diesel Prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas Prices for Industry and Households (€c/kWh, GVc)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Bosnia and Herzegovina energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Bosnia and Herzegovina country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Bosnia and Herzegovina energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Bosnia and Herzegovina country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.