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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Bosnia and Herzegovina energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Policy adoption is slow due to the fragmented administrative structure and the lack of political will.
- Three power generation and distribution companies benefit from regional monopolies.
- The power sector unbundling process has been delayed.
- Lignite supplied 2/3 of the power mix in 2022.
- The country is a net power exporter, with a level linked to hydropower generation.
- Oil and gas prices are following the surge in international prices but the rise in electricity prices remains contained.
- The energy mix is dominated by lignite (52% in 2022).
- Energy consumption has slightly declined since 2018.
- There are many power and gas interconnection projects with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro.
Institutions & Energy Policy
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is a Balkan country that became independent from Yugoslavia in 1992. Since the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, the country has been split in two entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republic of Srpska (RS); in addition, the district of Brčko has a special status.
The power sector consists of three vertically integrated public monopolies (90% public): Elektroprivreda BiH (EP BIH) (Sarajevo area), Elektroprivreda RS (ERS), and Elektroprivreda HZ HB (EP HZ HB) (Mostar area).
The 4.2 Mt/year Bosanski Brod refinery, situated in the Republic of Srpska, has been modernised to produce Euro-5 fuels and MTBE. In 2018, oil refining volumes fell by 23% to 675 kt due to an emergency shutdown in October.
Gas prices are regulated. After a slight decrease in 2021 (-2% for industry and -4% for households), gas prices rebounded in 2022 (+13% for industry and +80% for households). Despite this surge, gas prices remain more than 50% lower than the EU average (2022).
Graph: GAS PRICES FOR INDUSTRY AND HOUSEHOLDS (€c/kWh, GVC)
The country's overall consumption per capita reaches 2.1 toe (21% below the EU average in 2022) with an average electricity consumption per capita of 3 400 kWh (35% below the EU average). Energy intensity is twice as high as the EU average and declining at a slower pace (-2%/year over 2010-2022 compared to -2.8%/year in the EU).
Issues & Prospects
According to NOS BIH's plans, electricity consumption is expected to increase by 0.94%/year between 2023 and 2033. By 2033, the TSO plans to connect 464 MW of thermal power plants, 1.7 GW of hydropower plants, 2.1 GW of wind parks and 1.1 GW of solar parks. In addition, NOS BIH expects 250 MW of virtual power plants to be operational at the end of 2023.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & Diesel Prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas Prices for Industry and Households (€c/kWh, GVc)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Bosnia and Herzegovina energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Bosnia and Herzegovina country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Bosnia and Herzegovina energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).