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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Argentina energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Argentina aims to increase the share of wind and solar to 20% of electricity production in 2025 and reduce GHG emissions by 19% in 2030.
- According to its Long-Term Strategy, the country aims to reach net zero emissions by 2050.
- Over 50 electricity generation companies are active. EDENOR, EDESUR, and EDELAP cover 40% of the distribution sector.
- YPF (51% public), the national oil and gas company, is the largest producer of oil and gas (around 40% in 2021).
- Natural gas dominates the power mix (61%), followed by hydro (13%).
- The country holds South America's 2nd largest gas reserves, and ranks 3rd in oil reserves.
- Diesel prices rose by 38% in 2022.
- Electricity prices are around 5 times lower than in Brazil and Chile.
- Gas dominates the energy mix (50% in 2021), followed by oil (36%).
- The residential and industrial sectors are the largest electricity consumers (37% and 36%, respectively).
- The Vaca Muerta field is the main contributor to the hydrocarbon production expansion.
- Argentina is pushing China to finance its nuclear development, including 1.2 GW Atucha III.
natural gas producer in South America
gas in power mix
renewables in power mix in 2021 (target achieved)
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Energy Secretariat ("Secretaria de Energía de la Naciόn"), under the Ministry of Economy, is in charge of developing the energy policy.
The deregulation and privatisation of the oil, gas and electricity sectors took place in the 90s in order to separate the production, transport, and distribution activities.
Natural gas production remained stable in 2021 at 40 bcm, after dropping by 9% in 2020. Over the first 9 months of 2022 it grew by 9%. Previously, it had increased by 3.4%/year over 2014-2019.
Oil product prices were liberalised in 1991.
The price of premium unleaded gasoline has been increasing since 2020, reaching US$0.97/l in 2022. This price is amongst the highest in South America (around 25% and 15% more expensive than in Chile and Brazil, respectively.
Per capita consumption in Argentina (1.7 toe/cap in 2021) is the second highest in South America after Chile. These higher levels are mainly due to space heating needs. Electricity demand per capita is around 2 850 kWh/cap (2021).
Issues & Prospects
In 2023, YPF plans to invest US$5bn, including a great share for shale oil and gas production at Vaca Muerta (compared to US$4.1bn in 2022).
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 10: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 12: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021,%)
- GRAPH 14: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 15: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 16: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Argentina energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Argentina country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Argentina Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Argentina energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Argentina country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.