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Global Energy Trends, 2018 edition. A step backward for the energy transition?

Enerdata analyses global energy trends and their climatic impacts.

Global Energy Trends 2018

Every year, Enerdata leverages its globally recognized expertise and databases to produce its Global Energy Trends, an independent study of the past year’s energy market trends and resulting environmental impacts.

This analysis of G20 data, which accounts for 80% of the global energy demand, highlights key evolutions of 2017 global markets.

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Economic growth

At purchasing power parity

2016:       +3.1%

2005-15: +3.5%



11.1 Gtoe

Rising energy consumption


2016:       +1%

2005-15: +1.6%



27 GtCO2

Rebound in CO2 emissions*


2016:       -0.5%

2005-15: +1.7%


*: CO2-energy emissions from energy combustion (>80% of CO2 emissions)


GDP Growth (%/year) in G20 countries

GDP Growth 2017


Global economic growth strengthened in 2017: +3.7%, in line with its 2000-2015 average

Non-OECD (+5%, +0.3pts):

  • Stabilization in China around 6-7%
  • Sustained growth in India
  • Recovery in Russia and in Brazil, at a lesser extent

OECD (+2.5%, +0.7pts):

  • Higher growth in the EU and in the USA
  • Improvement in Japan

Rebound of CO2 emissions: +2% in 2017


Rebound of CO2 emissions 2017


New increase in CO2 emissions after three years of stagnation

Non-OECD : strong increase (+2.6%,+1.8pt vs. 2016)

  • Recovery in China, after 3 years of stability (higher energy consumption)
  • Sustained growth in India (demand + coal growth) and in Russia


OECD: new growth (+1.3%, +1.1pt)

  • Stagnation in the US
  • Increase in the EU (+1.9%) and in Japan (+1%)


This publication also provides key trends for every energy source:


Increased energy consumption, for all markets, including coal

  • Gas demand accelerates
  • Rising electricity demand, faster than global energy demand
  • Increase in oil demand above historical trends
  • Higher coal consumption after 3 years of decline, spurred by India and Turkey


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