Indonesia Energy Market Overview
30 GW of new capacities required over the next five years
2010 Key Figures
Population: 232.9 million
GDP growth rate: 6.1%
Total consumption/GDP: 89.0 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.7 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.7%
The electricity consumption has been soaring since 1990 due to the increase in the country’s electrification rate. At the end of the eighties, only 52% of households were electrified, compared to 68% at present. The current plan is aimed at the continuation of the electrification process, with micro hydroelectricity and decentralised production. The objective is to reach an electrification rate of 100% by 2020.
The Government currently estimates that around 30 GW in new capacities will be required over the 2005-2016 period, 21 GW of which will be required for the Java-Bali network. The long-term 2005-2026 electricity development plan is aimed at an increase of the electricity consumption of 6.4%/year between 2010 and 2026, meaning it should exceed 300 TWh in 2026. The production (370 TWh) will be dominated by coal (58%) and the of share gas will reach 27%; the contribution of oil will fall to 3%.
At the end of 2011, more than 12 GW are under construction with another 14 GW are planned. The Government launched in 2011 its national development program to develop large Coal Bed Methane for power generation. Commercial CBM production started in March 2011.
More information about the Indonesia energy market
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