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India Energy Market Overview

25 Nov 2011

Increase of the electricity installed capacity by 65 GW over the next five years

2010 Key Figures

Population: 1171.2 million

GDP growth rate: 10.1%

Energy independence: 74%

Total consumption/GDP: 88.8 (2005=100)

CO2 Emissions: 1.4 tCO2/capita

Rate of T&D power losses: 19.7%


The country’s electricity capacity amounts to 203 GW (at the end of 2010), including 168 GW of public capacities (utilities) and 35 GW for autoproducers: 37 GW of hydroelectricity, 4.2 GW of nuclear, 148 GW of thermal (88% of which is coal-fired) and 13.4 GW of wind.

Adani Power commissioned the second 660 MW supercritical power unit at the Mundra coal-fired power project in Gujarat in June 2011. The supercritical turbine brings the total installed capacity of the plant to 2,640 MW, comprising four units of 330 MW each and two supercritical units of 660 MW each. Total capacity at the Mundra power project is 4,620 MW. The 400 MW CCGT plant of Vemagiri (Andhra Pradesh) by GMR and the 125 MW coal plant Barsingsar-II by NLC were commissioned in December 2011. Adani also commissioned the country’s largest solar PV plant to date (Kutch, 40 MW) in January 2012.

See graph

Despite delays on construction and concerns over coal supply, a large number of power projects are at hand in India, with 14 GW of thermal, 2 GW of hydro and 1 GW of nuclear over the next year; targets of 30 GW of nuclear and 20 GW of solar by 2020 were adopted. By the end of the 12th Plan, in 2016-1017, the demand should reach 1,392 TWh, with a peak demand of 218 GW. Over the 12th Plan, which covers the period 2012-2017, the objective should be to increase the capacity by 65 GW.

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