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Latest global energy demand forecasts until 2020

Enerdata unveils its latest global energy demand forecasts until 2020. EnerFuture, the energy forecasting service by Enerdata, details energy demand projections for oil, gas, coal and power by sector.

According to the latest estimates by Enerdata, China and India will account for 45% of the world energy growth in 2020, while global energy consumption will increase by 30% European energy consumption should increase by 12% between 2005 and 2020.


The world energy demand growth is dominated by gas. Gas should represent about 31% of the world energy demand growth between 2005 and 2020 (coal 25% and oil 22%).

The European gas consumption should increase by 40% until 2020... The power sector is the main driver of this growth, capturing 53% of this increase.


The oil consumption will increase in the residential- & services sectors (+50% in 2020 vs. 2005, representing 31% of the total increase), in Transport (+22%, 59% of the total increase) and in the Industry (+15%, 16% of the total increase)...

Oil consumption in Europe will decrease by 3% over the next 15 years... The decrease occurs mostly in Industry (-20 Mtoe, -12%)...


The power sector accounts for 38% of the total energy consumption increase by 2020.

In Europe, The residential & services sector will increase by 16% (representing 37% of the total growth), the power sector by 13% (26% of the total growth) and Industry by 11% (22% of the growth)...


The world coal consumption should increase by 30% until 2020... The growth in coal consumption is driven by Industry (43%) and by the Power sector (42%)...

The European coal consumption should increase by 2% until 2020...

CO2 emissions

The World C02 emissions will increase by 30% until 2020, mainly in Asia.

Asia is responsible for around 73% of the total increase between 2005 and 2020, China alone for 41%. The increase in Europe, CIS and USA is fairly limited (2% for Europe and CIS and 7% for the USA)...

More details by sector and by main energy markets

More information on the global energy model POLES used for the projections