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Scotland (UK) unveils plan to reach 5 GW of hydrogen by 2030, 25 GW by 2045

The Government of Scotland (United Kingdom) has unveiled a new Hydrogen Action Plan, laying out the country’s ambition to have a low-carbon hydrogen production capacity of 5 GW by 2030, and 25 GW by 2045. Under the plan, the Scottish Government will commit £100m (€115m) in funding for renewable hydrogen projects, through the Hydrogen Innovation Scheme, launched in June 2022, and the Green Hydrogen Fund, which will open in 2023.

The 5 GW goal translates to 17 TWh and over 450 kt/year of hydrogen, which Scotland estimates will be equivalent to 15% of its total 161 TWh/year energy demand. The 25 GW capacity by 2045 could produce around 3.3 Mt/year of hydrogen (126 TWh), of which 2.5 Mt/year could be exported to European markets.

The Hydrogen Action Plan also refers to Scotland’s 2021 draft Onshore Wind Policy Statement, in which the Government aspires to install 8 GW to 12 GW of onshore and island wind capacity by 2030. The new Action Plan reveals that since a significant portion of this capacity might not be connected to grid, hydrogen production could be an attractive enabler. Scotland's potential pipeline of offshore wind projects is estimated at over 40 GW.

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