Romania's Nuclearelectrica plans to install six 72 MW US-made SMRs
The Romanian state-owned nuclear company Nuclearelectrica is seeking approval from its shareholders to create a 50/50 joint venture with Nova Power and Gas, which would be tasked to build a 462 MW nuclear plant consisting of six modular mini-reactors (SMRs) of 72 MW each, supplied by the US firm NuScale, on the site of a former thermal power plant at Doicești. Nova Power and Gas is an affiliate of the Romanian holding company E-Infra.
In May 2022, Nuclearelectrica, E-Infra and NuScale signed a memorandum of understanding to carry out engineering studies, technical analyses and licencing activities at Doicești, the preferred location for the project. The United States Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) awarded a grant to Nuclearelectrica in early 2021 to conduct a study to identify and assess several sites across Romania, including locations where existing coal-fired power plants could be replaced with SMRs.
Romania has two 650 MW nuclear reactors in operation on the site of Cernavoda using Canadian heavy water technology (Candu); they were commissioned in 1996 and 2007, respectively. Nuclear accounts for 7% of the country's installed capacity and 19% of its power mix (2021).
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