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Romania pledges to exit coal at the latest by 2032

Romania has committed to exit coal in 2032 at the latest, according to the country’s National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR). Coal accounts for around 15% of Romania’s installed capacity, with 3.2 GW (end of 2020). A law to address the closure of mines and adopt measures to support coal regions should be passed by mid-2022. The state-owned power utility CE Oltenia might close 5 of its 9 coal mines in 2026. By this date, the country is also expected to convert 1.3 GW of coal capacity to natural gas (including a mix of gas and hydrogen) or high efficiency cogeneration.

In addition, as part of the program, Romgaz plans to develop in Halânga (Mehedinți County) a 150 MW gas-fired power project combined with a carbon capture and storage (CCS) plant. The €320m facility will also include a 100 MW solar project and a green hydrogen production plant. The PNRR aims to add 545 MW of new renewable capacity by the second quarter of 2026, and to reach 6.9 GW of wind and solar capacity by 2030 (from 4.4 GW in late 2020).

Overall, the National Recovery and Resilience Plan will allocate over €16bn (55%) of the €29.2bn program to finance the energy transition.

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