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Pakistan sets a conditional target of halving its GHG emissions by 2030

25 Oct 2021

Pakistan has updated its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), pledging to cut its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2030 by 50% below the business-as-usual scenario (BAU). The reduction target is divided into an unconditional reduction target of 15% and a conditional target of 35%. To reach the target, the country aims to shift to 60% renewable energy, to set a moratorium on new coal-fired power plants, and to stop power generation from imported coal. Pakistan will shelve plans for two new coal-fired power plants in favour of hydropower and will focus on local coal gasification and liquefaction. It also aims to reach 30% electric vehicles by 2030. The investment needed to implement the NDC mitigation actions is estimated at US$100bn just for the energy transition.

Pakistan's first NDC (2016) did not include an unconditional target and the conditional reduction target was 20%. According to the inventory results, GHG emissions including LULUCF have increased by 21% since 2016 to 490 MtCO2eq in 2018, including 46% from AFOLU (agriculture, forestry, and other land use) and 45% from energy. Under its BAU scenario, the country estimates GHG emissions at around 1,603 MtCO2eq by 2030, which is 3.3 times more than in 2018 (reference year). The 50% cut would limit GHG emissions by nearly 801 MtCO2eq to 802 MtCO2eq in 2030.

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