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NNPC and ONHYM sign agreements on the Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline

The Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) and the Moroccan National Office of Hydrocarbons and Mines (ONHYM) have signed the Memorandum of Understanding for the commencement of construction of the 5,600km Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline (NMGP). In addition, Morocco and Nigeria concluded similar agreements with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Mauritanian state-owned oil and gas company Hydrocarbons Company (SMH) and the Senegalese national hydrocarbon group Petrosen, which are also expected to join the project.

The NMGP is a 5,600km gas pipeline project with a capacity of 3 bcf/d (31 bcm/year), traversing 13 countries, including Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Senegal, Mauritania and Morocco. The US$25bn project, when completed, will provide gas from Nigeria to the West African countries up to the Morocco and subsequently to Europe. Commissioning could take place in the 2040s.

Nigeria is also part of a competing project, promoted by Algeria. In August 2022, Algeria, Niger and Nigeria have signed on a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for the construction of the 30 bcm/year Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline (TSGP) between Warri in Nigeria to Hassi R’Mel in Algeria, passing through Niger. The US$13bn gas pipeline, which aims to link Europe to the three countries' natural gas reserves, will be 4,128 km long, including 1,037 km in Nigeria, 841 km in Niger and 2,310 km in Algeria.