Gazprom’s gas exports outside the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) declined by 46% from 185 bcm in 2021 to 101 bcm in 2022. The company’s supplies to Europe were severely curtailed because of sanctions following the Russian invasion of Ukraine. In addition, Gazprom stopped supplying gas to Europe via the 55 bcm/year Nord Stream 1 pipeline between Russia and Germany in September 2022.
In 2021, Gazprom exports beyond the former Soviet Union rose by 3.2% to a record level of 185 bcm, with higher exports in 15 countries, including Germany (+10.5%), Turkey (+63%) and Italy (+20%). The company is currently aiming to reroute its energy flows from to Asia, especially to China. Russia sold 16.5 bcm of natural to China in 2021; in 2022, Gazprom raised its gas exports to China, but the export volumes were not disclosed.