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Czech government approves draft revised NECP considering coal phase out by 2033

The Czech government has approved a draft revised national climate and energy plan (NECP) outlining the path of decarbonisation of the Czech economy by 2030 and towards climate neutrality in 2050.

The draft revised NECP expects total energy consumption and coal-fired power generation to significantly decrease by 2030 from the current level (higher CO2 emission prices would deter power generation and Czechia would stop exporting lignite-fired electricity), to the advantage of renewable power generation. Electricity consumption should increase by around 10% by 2030 from the current level, due to the development of electric vehicles and the electrification of industry and the heating sector.

According to a BAU scenario (with existing measures, WEM), the installed coal-fired capacity could fall from 9.4 GW in 2022 to 5.6 GW in 2030 and 2.6 GW in 2050; with additional measures (WAM scenario), it could fall to 3 GW in 2030 and be phased out in 2033. In addition, solar capacity could be significantly increased under the WAM scenario, from 2.1 GW in 2022 to over 10 GW in 2030 and over 26 GW in 2050, compared to 6 GW in 2030 and 21 GW in 2050 under the WEM scenario.

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