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China commissions the 1 GW Fangchenggang-3 HPR-1000 nuclear reactor

The 1 GW third unit of the Fangchenggang nuclear power plant, located in the Guangxi Autonomous Region in southern China, has been put into operation. Fangchenggang-3, which is the first of two Hualong One (HPR-1000) reactors under construction at the site, is scheduled to enter full commercial operation in the second half of 2023. Construction of the unit started in 2015, first criticality was reached in late December 2022 and connection to the grid was made in January 2023.  

The Fangchenggang nuclear power plant currently has two operational CPR-1000 reactors (1 GW each), which were commissioned in 2016. The 1 GW HPR-1000 Fangchenggang-4 reactor is still under construction with commissioning expected in the first half of 2024 and two additional 1 GW HPR-1000 reactors are planned to be built (units 5 and 6). The power plant is owned by China General Nuclear (CGN, 61%) and the Guangxi Investment Group (39%).  

At the end of 2021, China’s nuclear capacity reached 53.3 GW and its nuclear power generation reached 408 TWh. According to preliminary estimates, 2.3 GW of new nuclear capacity was added in 2022, raising China’s nuclear capacity to over 55 GW. China targets 200 GW of nuclear capacity by 2035. China currently over 22 GW of nuclear capacity under construction and 194 GW under development.

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