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Ghana Energy Information

2018 Ghana Key Figures

Population: 29.5 million
GDP growth rate: 6.26 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 74.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.52 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 24.6%

Ghana Related News

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Ghana Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

In 2018, total per capita energy consumption was 0.34 toe and electricity consumption was about 440 kWh/cap.

Total energy consumption has increased by 3.6%/year on average since 2010 (of which 8.8% in 2018).

Oil and biomass represent the bulk of consumption with 44% and 39%, respectively, but gas has been progressively gaining ground since 2009, reaching 13% in 2018. The remainder is supplied by hydro and solar electricity with 5%.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Ghana Total Energy Consumption

More research: Ghana energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production really started in 2011 and reached 8.6 Mt in 2018, following an 82% jump in 2017 and a 5% increase in 2018. The main areas of production in 2019 (January to September) are Jubilee (45% of the total), Ten (32%), as well as Sankofa and Gye Nyame (22%).

Jubilee moved from "promising find" to "mega-discovery" status when Tullow's Mahogany-1, -2 and -3 and Hyedua-2 wells extended the known size of the field. The field is likely to have more than 0.5 Gbl of recoverable resources, with ultimate upside potential upgraded to 1.8 Gbl and potentially more.

Interactive Chart Ghana Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The new Renewable Energy Masterplan (2019) aims at increasing the penetration of renewable energy in the national power mix from 45 MW in 2015 to 1.4 GW in 2030. In May 2019, Ghana postponed its target of 10% renewables in the power mix, included in the Renewable Energy Act of 2011, by 10 years to 2030.

Interactive Chart Ghana Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution), the country aims at achieving a 15% decrease in GHG emissions by 2030, compared to a BaU scenario corresponding to emissions of 74 MtCO2eq. The target could be increased to 45% if international support is available for financing, capacity building and technology transfer.

CO2 emissions from energy combustion are increasing rapidly; they have almost doubled over the past ten years.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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