Ghana Energy Information
Ghana Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.23 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 0.65 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.13%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Ghana energy report
Ghana Related News
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Ghana Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2020, total per capita energy consumption was 0.38 toe and electricity consumption was 569 kWh/cap.
Total energy consumption has increased very rapidly since 2017 (+7%/year).
Oil represents 38% of consumption, followed by biomass (35%). Gas has been progressively gaining ground since 2009, reaching 24% in 2021. The remainder is supplied by hydro and solar with 4%.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ghana Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since 2019, oil output declined by 12%/year to 8 Mt. Previously, oil production more than doubled from 2016 (4.5 Mt) to 2019 (10.4 Mt).
Jubilee moved from "promising find" to "mega-discovery" status when Tullow's Mahogany-1, -2 and -3 and Hyedua-2 wells extended the known size of the field. The field is likely to have more than 0.5 Gbl of recoverable resources, with ultimate upside potential upgraded to 1.8 Gbl and potentially more.
Interactive Chart Ghana Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The new Renewable Energy Masterplan (2019) aims at increasing the penetration of wind and solar in the power mix from 45 MW in 2015 to 1.4 GW in 2030. In 2019, the target of 10% of renewables in the power mix included in the Renewable Energy Act (2011) was postponed by 10 years to 2030.
Interactive Chart Ghana Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its updated NDC, Ghana aims to implement 34 mitigation measures to achieve absolute emission reductions of 64 MtCO2e by 2030. Out of them, 9 unconditional measures are expected to lead to an emission reduction of 24.6 MtCO2e. The country's contribution did not include a value for the 2030 target year.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion are increasing rapidly; they have almost quadrupled since 2004 from 5.9 MtCO2 to 20.7 MtCO2 in 2021.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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