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Ghana Energy Information

Ghana Key Figures

Population: 31.1 million
GDP growth rate: 0.93 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 83.3 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.64 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.2%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Ghana energy report

Ghana Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

Ghana Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

In 2020, total per capita energy consumption was 0.39 toe and electricity consumption was 485 kWh/cap.

Total energy consumption has increased very rapidly since 2017 (+8%/year).

Oil and biomass represent the bulk of consumption with 36% each, but gas has been progressively gaining ground since 2009, reaching 23% in 2019. The remainder is supplied by hydro and solar electricity with 4%.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Ghana Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Ghana energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has tripled since 2011 and reached 9.7 Mt in 2020 (of which, -7% in 2020). The entire production is exported, mainly to China (35%) and South Africa (18%) (2019).

The main areas of production in 2020 are Jubilee (45% of the total), Sankofa and Gye Nyame (27%), as well as Ten (27%).

Interactive Chart Ghana Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The new Renewable Energy Masterplan (2019) aims at increasing the penetration of wind and solar in the power mix from 45 MW in 2015 to 1.4 GW in 2030. In 2019, the target of 10% of renewables in the power mix included in the Renewable Energy Act (2011) was postponed by 10 years to 2030.

Interactive Chart Ghana Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In November 2021, the country updated its NDC. Ghana aims to implement 34 mitigation measures to achieve absolute emission reductions of 64 MtCO2e by 2030. Out of the 34, nine unconditional measures are expected to lead to an emission reduction of 24.6 MtCO2e. The country's contribution did not include a value for the 2030 target year.

CO2 emissions from energy combustion are increasing rapidly; they have more than tripled since 2004 from 5.9 MtCO2 to 19.9 MtCO2 in 2020.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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