eStore

Bulgaria Energy Information

Bulgaria Key Figures

Population: 7.03 million
GDP growth rate: 3.08 %/year
Energy independence: 62.8%

Data of the last year available: 2018
Total consumption/GDP:* 64.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.34%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Bulgaria energy report

Bulgaria Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

Bulgaria Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Consumption per capita is 2.6 toe (16% lower than the EU average in 2018), with electricity accounting for about 4 400 kWh in 2018 (22% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption has been fluctuating around 18-19 Mt since 2014 (18 Mt in 2018, 2.5% less than in 2017). It had contracted by 2.7%/year between 2006 and 2013 (from 20 Mtoe to less than 17 Mtoe).

Bulgaria's energy intensity is one of the highest among EU countries (67% above the EU average in 2018), but it has been decreasing at twice the EU rate (-3.5%/year since 2000, compared to -1.8%/year for the UE).

Interactive Chart Bulgaria Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Bulgaria energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production is very limited (210 kt in 2018). Imports reached 8 Mt in 2018 (-16%), including 6 Mt of crude oil and 2 Mt of oil products. Over 3/4 of crude oil imports come from Russia (76% in 2018), followed by Egypt (20%).

Bulgaria has a large refinery with a capacity of 200 000 bbl/d (10 Mt/year), located in Burgas. In 2015, Lukoil commissioned a 50 000 bbl/d (2.5 Mt/year) unit, which raised the Euro-5 diesel production by 1.2 Mt/year. Bulgaria produced 6.1 Mt of oil products in 2018 (-14% on 2017). According to preliminary estimates, production rose by 12% to 7 Mt in 2019.

Interactive Chart Bulgaria Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2013 (5%/year) and reached 4.3 Mt in 2018; it fell by 4.4%/year between 2006 and 2013 to 3.3 Mt. According to preliminary estimates, oil product consumption declined by 7% in 2019.

Transport absorbs around 2/3 of the oil products (66% in 2018), while industry and power plants only account for 16% and 4%, respectively.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Interactive Chart Bulgaria Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption, which had been rising by 4.9%/year between 2014 and 2017, declined by 5.8% in 2018 to 3.1 bcm and by 6.4% in 2019 to 2.9 bcm, according to preliminary statistics. Over 2002-2014, it fluctuated around 3 bcm after falling by a factor of 2 between 1996 and 2002.

The share of the electricity sector in gas consumption has decreased since 2010, from 30% to 23% in 2018. Industry remains the largest end-consumer, with a share of 44%, including non-energy uses.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Bulgaria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite (mainly lignite) has been fluctuating between 30 Mt and 35 Mt (except for a 40 Mt peak in 2011). It contracted by 11% in 2018 to 30 Mt (higher hydropower and nuclear generation reducing the needs for coal in the power sector) and by another 8% in 2019 according to preliminary estimates.

The electricity sector is the main consumer of coal and lignite (96% in 2018).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Bulgaria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Bulgaria energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 2.2%/year between 2013 and 2017. It declined by 1.6% in 2018 to 31 TWh, but recovered in 2019 (+1.7% according to preliminary statistics). It increased by 2%/year between 2000 and 2008.

The residential sector is the largest electricity consuming sector (35% of total electricity consumption in 2018), followed by industry (30%) and services (28%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The national target fixed by the EU Directive on renewables of 16% of renewables in final consumption in 2020 was exceeded in 2012 (20.5% in 2018, of which 22% for electricity, 33% for heating and cooling and 8.1% for transport).

In its NECP (2019), the country set a target of 25% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2030, including 17% for electricity, 44% for heating and cooling, and 14% for transport.

Interactive Chart Bulgaria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In 2017, GHG emissions were 53% lower than their 1988 level (reference year for its Kyoto commitment of -8%). Emissions rose by 13% between 2000 and 2007 and have evolved erratically since then (62 Mt in 2017).

Ahead of the COP21, Bulgaria and other EU members announced a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 (Nationally Determined Contribution).

Energy-related CO2 emissions fell by 20% between 2007 and 2018. They had decreased by 38% between 1990 and 2000, before rising by 17% until 2007.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

Shopping cart

Your shopping cart is empty.

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes CB VISA MASTERCARD