Venezuela energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Venezuela energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2016 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The Energy and Oil Ministry lays down the country's energy policy and supervises all the energy companies. The Ministry of Electricity supervises the electricity sector. The Planning Ministry (Cordiplan) is involved in the development of the energy plans and the definition of the sector's main priorities.
The hydrocarbons sector is dominated by PDVSA, Petroleos de Venezuela SA (100% public).
Crude oil production has been declining since 2005, dropping from 182 Mt to 135 Mt in 2016 and to an estimated 120 Mt in 2017 (-35%). Production of heavy oils from the Orinoco Belt represents around 20% of the country's oil production.
Electricity prices are very low and have been controlled by the Government since 2003. In 2016, they were around US$1.9c/kWh for households. They were raised by over 80% in 2014 and 2015, after Corpoelec announced a power subsidy cut for electricity users consuming more than their respective regional average in 2014.
Graph: ELECTRICITY PRICES FOR INDUSTRY AND HOUSEHOLDS (US$c/kWh)
Energy consumption per capita (1.7toe, including nearly 2 100 kWh of electricity in 2016) is relatively high compared to the level of income per capita. It is the highest in South America. However, both energy and electricity consumption per capita has been decreasing since 2013 (17% and 16% drop, respectively).
Issues & Prospects
The development of Venezuela's large reserves is blocked by the on-going economic and political crisis.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Venezuela energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2016, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2016, %)
- GRAPH 5: Map of natural gas infrastructure
- GRAPH 6: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 7: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2016, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2016, %)
In the Venezuela energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
The Venezuela energy market data since 1990 and up to 2016 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Venezuela country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Venezuela Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Venezuela energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Venezuela country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.
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