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Moldova energy report

Moldova energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Moldova energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Moldova is progressively adopting the EU "acquis".
  • In 2022 and 2023, Moldova implemented several actions to reduce its energy dependence on Russia.
  • Inter RAO UES is the largest power producer: its production is located in the secessionist province of Transnistria.
  • Moldovagaz dominates the gas market and its debt to Gazprom represents around 80% of the GDP.
  • The country is highly dependent on imported energy.
  • In October 2023, the government decided to no longer buy gas from Gazprom.
  • Most of the electricity is produced from natural gas (90% in 2022).
  • In 2022, electricity prices rose by 70% for households and by 80% for industry.
  • Gas prices soared threefold for both industry and households in 2022.
  • Natural gas accounts for 48% of the energy mix.
  • The country is developing several power interconnection projects with Romania.
energy independence rate (2022)
share of gas in the energy mix (2022)
of gas imports from Russia in 2021
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    Moldova is a landlocked country bordered by Romania to the west and by Ukraine to the East. It was part of the Soviet Union and became an independent country in 1991. Transnistria is a separatist province that seceded from Moldova in 1992. It is not recognized by the UN and is officially considered as part of Moldova.

  • Energy Supply


    Moldova imports almost all the oil products it consumes. Oil product imports increased by an average of 5.5%/year starting in 2015 and reached around 1.2 Mt in 2022.

  • Energy Prices


    Regulated tariffs vary between the distribution companies and depend on the voltage level. ANRE approved a 30%-45% price increase (depending on the distribution company) in 2015. The price was reduced by around 10% in 2016 because of the 28% drop in the purchasing price from Moldovan Hydropower Plant and thanks to a favourable MDL/USD exchange rate.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is approximately 1.5 toe/year (approximately half the European average), including 1 970 kWh of electricity (2022).



  • Issues & Prospects


    Moldovagaz's medium-term plan for 2019-2022 prioritises the reparation of sections of existing and future gas pipelines.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Moldova energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Moldova country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Moldova Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Moldova energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).