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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Moldova energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Moldova is progressively adopting the EU "acquis".
- In 2022, Moldova implemented several actions to reduce its energy dependence on Russia.
- Inter RAO UES is the largest power producer: its production is located in the secessionist province of Transnistria.
- Moldovagaz dominates the gas market and its debt to Gazprom represents around 80% of the GDP.
- The country is highly dependent on imported energy.
- Over 90% of the electricity is produced from natural gas.
- Regulated electricity and gas prices are subsidised.
- Retail prices are dependent on the exchange rate as most of the energy consumed is imported.
- Natural gas accounts for 56% of the energy mix.
- The country is developing several power interconnection projects with Romania.
energy independence rate (2020)
share of gas in the energy mix (2020)
of gas imports from Russia in 2020
Institutions & Energy Policy
Moldova is a landlocked country bordered by Romania to the west and by Ukraine to the East. It was part of the Soviet Union and became an independent country in 1991. Transnistria is a separatist province that seceded from Moldova in 1992. It is not recognized by the UN and is officially considered as part of Moldova.
All the gas is imported from Russia (2020).
Gas imports have been rising since 2013, with a dip in 2017 (2.7 bcm) to 3.2 bcm in 2021. They had been rising since 2000 and reached a peak at 3.2 bcm in 2010, before stabilising and falling by 22% in 2013.
In 2016, amendments to the Law on the oil market introduced a new methodology for ANRE to set twice-monthly ceilings for retail prices of oil products, based on international quotations. In 2021, prices are lower than in Romania (by around 50% for diesel and 35% for gasoline) and Ukraine (by around 20% for diesel and 3% for gasoline).
Energy consumption per capita is approximately 1.5 toe/year (approximately half the European average), including about 2 000 kWh of electricity (2020).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2020, %)
Issues & Prospects
The Moldovan Energy Strategy 2030 foresees an average annual electricity consumption growth rate of around 4%/year over 2020-2030. It also targeted a power capacity increase of 800 MW, including 400 MW from renewables.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Moldova energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Moldova country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Moldova Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Moldova energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).