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Mauritania energy report

Mauritania energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Mauritania energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country targets a reduction of 11% in GHG emissions by 2030 relative to a BAU scenario.
  • CO2 emissions from energy combustion continue to rise quickly.
  • The government plans to introduce a carbon tax starting in 2025.
  • Somelec dominates power generation (80% share) and is responsible for transmission and distribution.
  • Addax Energy renewed its exclusive contract to import oil products in 2023 for two years.
  • Morocco's Afriquia has completed the acquisition of TotalEnergies' downstream business in the country.
  • The share of renewables in the power mix rose from 0 to 16% over the last decade.
  • The country is starting to interconnect its power system, with the commissioning of a transmission line between Nouakchott and Nouadhibou.
  • Fuel prices tend to follow international prices and are similar to those in neighbouring countries, whereas power prices are lower.
  • Total consumption is rising very rapidly (almost 7%/year since 2010).
  • The share of oil in the energy mix has increased by 14 points since 2010 to 75% in 2022, to the expense of biomass.
  • Mauritania is expected to start producing gas in 2024.
  • The country intends to become a large green hydrogen exporter with 110 GW under development.
of GHG reduction target by 2030
first gas production
of renewables in power production in 2022
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum, Energy and Mines (Ministère du Pétrole, des Mines et de l'Energie, MPEM) is responsible for the planning, elaboration, and implementation of the national energy policy. It also supervises the energy companies.

  • Energy Companies


    SMHPM, Société Mauritanienne Des Hydrocarbures et de Patrimoine Minier, is the national oil company in charge of exploration, development, production, and transportation of hydrocarbons. It does not operate any license but is present in many blocks through JVs.

  • Energy Supply


    Crude oil production stopped in 2017 after the Chinguetti field moved to the decommissioning phase.

    The country's only refinery ended operations in 2000. Mauritania imported 1.9 Mt of oil products in 2022.

  • Energy Prices


    Since 2012, prices of electricity for industry have declined by an average of 4%/year to 10.4c/kWh in 2022, after a 54% increase in 2011. Household prices are relatively stable since 2020, hovering around 6.7c/kWh, after falling by 20% in 2020. Energy tariffs do not allow the state to recover operating costs, contributing to Somelec's high deficits.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is estimated at 0.5 toe in 2022 (compared to 0.3 toe in Mali and Senegal and 0.6 toe in Morocco), including 355 kWh of electricity (compared to 130 kWh in Mali, 360 kWh in Senegal, and 970 kWh in Morocco).

    Total energy consumption is growing rapidly and has more than doubled since 2010 (almost 7%/year) and reached 2.4 Mtoe in 2022.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The Government plans to significantly increase power capacities to stop power outages, supply the future demand - which is expected to continue to rise sharply - and export electricity (to Senegal and Mali).

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Mauritania energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Mauritania country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Mauritania Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Mauritania energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).