Mauritania energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Mauritania energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Mauritania energy report
June 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
27 (Report only)

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  • The Government targets a GHG reduction of 92% by 2030.
  • Somelec owns more than half of the country's electricity capacity. Oil production was abandoned in 2017 because of disappointing results.
  • Oil represents two thirds of the power production.
  • Electricity prices have been decreasing over the last decade.
  • Oil supplies 67% of the energy mix.
  • First gas production is expected in 2023, together with an LNG export terminal.
  • The Government has signed two MoU to develop up to 40 GW of renewables for hydrogen production.


of GHG reduction target by 2030


first gas production


of renewables in power production in 2020


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum, Energy and Mines (Ministère du Pétrole, des Mines et de l'Energie, MPEM) is responsible for the planning, elaboration, and implementation of the national energy policy. It also supervises the energy companies.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production, which started in 2006 at the Chinguetti oil field at a level of 1.5 Mt and halved in 2007, has almost disappeared since then (0.05 Mt in 2020). This situation was mainly due to technical difficulties (geological problems, maintenance, gas leaks, false alarms, closure of a well, rise in the level of water, etc.) and the geological structure of the field.

  • Energy Prices


    The price of oil products follows international prices: they increased between 2000 and 2014 (6%/year for gasoline and 9%/year for diesel) and decreased between 2014 and 2016. After a substantial increase in 2017, prices of gasoline and diesel decreased by 9.5%/year, to US$1.04/l and US$0.92/l, respectively, in 2020.


  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is estimated at 0.36 toe, including 255 kWh of electricity (2020).

    Total energy consumption is growing rapidly (+4%/year, on average, since 2010) and reached 1.7 Mtoe in 2020.

    Oil covers 67% of the country's energy needs, biomass 31%, and primary electricity (hydroelectricity, wind, and solar) only 2%.

  • Issues & Prospects


    One of the main priorities over the coming years is the development of new production fields.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Mauritania energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Mauritania energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Mauritania energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Mauritania country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Mauritania Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Mauritania energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Mauritania country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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