Malaysia energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Malaysia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The Economic Planning Unit (EPU), a powerful planning body under the supervision of the Prime Minister, drafts the country's energy policy through its energy division (Energy Section). Decisions are taken by a restricted council of ministers, the "Cabinet Committee on Energy".
Three electricity companies dominate the country's 3 geographical areas: TNB (Tenaga Nasional Bhd) for the Peninsula; Sarawak Energy Bhd for Sarawak and SESB (Sabah Electricity Sdn. Bhd) for Sabah. TNB was partially privatised following a first sale of 27% of the capital in 1992 and further sales -the latest in 2019- bringing the public stake down to 27.3%.
Natural gas production has been increasing since 2000, growing from 50 bcm to 67 bcm in 2019 +1%/year since 2010).
The country is the fourth largest LNG exporter in the world, with 34 bcm in 2019) behind Qatar, Australia, and the USA (2nd in 2015).
Electricity prices for households increased until 2014 and then have remained stable around US$8.0c/kWh since 2015. For industry, electricity prices have been relatively steady since 2010 around US$9.0c/kWh.
Electricity prices are similar to those in Vietnam or Indonesia and cheaper than in Thailand.
Graph: ELECTRICITY PRICES FOR INDUSTRY AND HOUSEHOLDS (US$c/kWh)
In 2019, consumption per capita was 2.8 toe. This is higher than neighbouring countries. Electricity consumption per capita has increased from 3 900 kWh per capita in 2010 to 4 750 kWh in 2019.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
Malaysia has more than 7 GW of capacity under construction. Gas accounts for 65% of that capacity, coal for 15% and hydro for more than 15%.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Malaysia energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
In the Malaysia energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
The Malaysia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Malaysia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Malaysia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Malaysia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Malaysia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.
Projections Data (Excel Sheet)
The Malaysia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.
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