Lao PDR energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Lao PDR energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Lao PDR energy report
December 2020
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
28 (Report only)

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 790 € 

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  • The energy policy is mostly focused on developing sustainable hydropower, wind, and solar and on increasing the electrification rate.
  • Most of the power capacity is owned by IPPs.
  • The State-owned power utility EDL owns and operates the domestic power transmission and distribution networks and manages power interconnections with neighbouring countries.
  • The oil sector has very few players due to a lack of upstream activities.
  • Power production has nearly almost tripled since 2015. The share of hydropower in the power mix has dropped from 100% in 2014 to around 77% in 2019 following the commissioning of a large lignite-fired power plant.
  • The price of gasoline and diesel is higher than in neighbouring countries but that of electricity is much lower.
  • Lignite is the main energy source in the energy mix (56% in 2019). Households & services account for 52% of final consumption.
  • The government targets a tripling of the power capacity in 2030, mostly from hydro.
  • Power exports and underlying transmission projects are central to power development plans.


share of renewables in the energy mix in 2030


share of hydro in power generation in 2019


share of exports in electricity production in 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) is responsible for the energy sector and operates primarily through five departments: the Department of Energy Policy and Planning (DEPP); the Department of Energy Business (DEB) which is in charge of private sector investments in the power sector; the Department of Energy Management (DEM), which is in charge of drafting energy-related laws, regulations, g

  • Energy Companies


    Electricité de Laos (EDL) is the national public power company. It is vertically integrated, and involved in the production, transport, distribution and export of electricity.

  • Energy Supply


    Lao PDR does not have any proven oil and gas reserves. The main sources of energy and economic wealth are hydroelectricity and the forest. The gross theoretical hydroelectric resource potential is estimated at about 230 TWh and the wind technical potential at 223 TWh (up to 179 GW).

  • Energy Prices


    The price of gasoline and diesel is relatively high and is following international prices: US$0.99/l and US$0.86/l, respectively, in 2020.

    These prices are slightly higher than in Thailand (13% for diesel in 2019 and 5% for gasoline) and Vietnam (20% and 10%), but are more than twice those in Malaysia and Indonesia, which have significant fuel subsidies in place.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption is relatively low at 0.84 toe/capita (vs around 2 toe/capita in Thailand), including around 910 kWh of electricity (2019).


  • Issues & Prospects


    In its Vision 2030, the government targets 21 GW of power capacity, i.e. more than triple the current level. Around 85% of this capacity would come from renewables; the country aims at installing more than 17 GW of hydro by 2030.

    In its last PDP, electricity demand is assumed to grow by 8.4%/year from 2018 to 2030 in the BAU scenario.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Lao PDR energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019 %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Lao PDR energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Lao PDR energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Lao PDR country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Lao PDR Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Lao PDR energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Lao PDR country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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