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Finland energy report

Finland energy report
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Finland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Finland aims to reach over 50% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2030 and to phase out coal-fired generation by 2029. The country also intends to become carbon-neutral by 2035.
  • Fortum is the main power generator, with 22% of the country's total capacity (4 GW).
  • Gasum has lost its monopoly on the gas market.
  • Neste Oil is the largest oil company with a strong position in the biofuels sector.
  • Almost 90% of the power mix is CO2-free.
  • The long delayed Olkiluoto-3 nuclear reactor started commercial production in April 2023.
  • Prior to the war in Ukraine, the country was highly dependent on Russia for its oil and gas supply.
  • Electricity prices are much lower than the EU average.
  • Total energy consumption rebounded by 5% in 2021, back to its 2019 level.
  • Biomass has a growing share of the energy mix (+10 points since 2010 to 33%).
  • Pulp and paper accounts for around 1/4 of final consumption and over 50% of industry consumption.
  • Nearly 4 GW of wind projects are currently under construction.
  • A total of €1.4bn will be invested between 2019 and 2030 to reinforce the power transmission grid.
share of carbon-free sources in the power mix in 2021
of renewables in final consumption in 2030
1.6 GW
of nuclear to be commissioned in 2023
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment is responsible for the country's energy policy, through its Department of Energy. More specifically, the department is in charge of energy markets, energy efficiency, emissions trading, renewables, and nuclear energy and fuels. It also coordinates the preparation and implementation of climate policy.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas imports are relatively stable since 2015, hovering around 2.5 bcm (2.6 bcm in 2020 and in 2021). In 2021, Russia supplied 98% of these imports (and 100% of Finland's gas imports by pipeline), a figure that includes gas that transited through Estonia (23% of the total).

  • Energy Prices


    In 2022, prices soared nearly twofold for industry and households (+90%). The average price of gas for Finland on the GETBaltic gas exchange soared to €127/MWh in December 2022 (€90/MWh in December 2021 and €12/MWh in 2020).

    The price of natural gas for industry is double the EU average. It is lower for households than for industry.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is twice as high as the EU average, at 6 toe in 2021, including over 15 000 kWh of electricity (2.6-fold higher than the EU average). The gap is due to a high share of pulp and paper industry activity.


  • Issues & Prospects


    The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment expects gas consumption to remain stable between 2021 and 2030 at around 5.2 bcm.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021 %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021%)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Finland energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Finland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Finland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Finland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Finland country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.