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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Denmark energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Denmark plans to supply 100% of its power consumption with renewables by 2027, to reduce GHG emissions by 70% in 2030, and to reach carbon neutrality by 2050.
- The Danish Parliament agreed to phase out fossil fuel extraction by 2050.
- Ørsted is the largest power generator.
- The Danish Underground Consortium is the main oil and gas player with about 85% of production.
- Renewables accounted for 81% of the power mix in 2021 (+45 points since 2010).
- Hydrocarbon production is falling, and the country is a net crude oil importer since 2017.
- The country has a tradition of high energy taxes and prices.
- Residential electricity prices are the highest in Europe.
- The share of renewables in the energy mix has increased by 20 points since 2010 to 48% in 2021, of which 34% is from biomass (+16 points).
- Denmark is converting its coal and gas power capacity to biomass and aims to create two very large offshore wind hubs totalling 5 GW.
- New electricity interconnection projects with Germany, Sweden, and the UK are under development, along with a large gas pipeline project to Poland.
Institutions & Energy Policy
DEA, the Danish Energy Agency (Energistyrelsen, ENS in Danish), under the supervision of the Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Utilities, is in charge of energy policy and planning in as far as the supply, production, consumption and efficiency of energy are concerned.
The Danish Energy Association (Dansk Energi) groups together electricity companies.
The country's hydrocarbon resources are mainly located in the North Sea. Oil reserves are estimated at 58 Mt and gas reserves at 64.5 bcm (end of 2021).
Residential electricity prices decreased between 2018 and 2020 (-6% in 2019, -7% in 2020), before increasing in 2021 (+5%) and soaring in 2022 (+59%) due to the energy crisis. Because of high taxes (60% of final price in 2021), the residential electricity price is the highest in Europe (€28c/kWh in 2021, €45c/kWh in 2022). They were 25% above the EU average in 2021, compared to 60% in 2010.
Denmark's consumption per capita is slightly lower than the EU average at 2.7 toe/cap and 5 959 kWh/cap of electricity in 2021.
Total energy consumption, which increased by 1.5%/year from 2016 to 2018, declined in 2019 and 2020 and increased again in 2021 (+5%) to 15.8 Mtoe.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
According to its NECP, final energy consumption is expected to increase by 0.4%/year, while total energy consumption will remain stable. Consumption of coal is expected to be reduced by 90% in 2030, compared with 2017, while the share of renewables should be 54%.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
- GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
- GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
- GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021,%)
- GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
- GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
- GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.
The Denmark energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Denmark country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Denmark Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Denmark energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Denmark country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
- Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
- CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
- Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
- Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.