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Cambodia energy report

Cambodia energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Cambodia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • National electrification is progressing fast, and grid-quality and affordable electricity are the key objectives for the next decade.
  • Energy efficiency and solar developments are just starting.
  • Most of the electricity capacity is held by around 20 IPPs. Foreign companies dominate the upstream and downstream oil sector.
  • The power generation mix is shifting from hydro to coal, with hydro below 50%. Around 1/3 of electricity is imported, mainly from Lao.
  • Oil production stopped after eight months of operations in 2021.
  • The price of oil products has increased significantly since 2020 following international prices.
  • The government has introduced substantial subsidies to contain electricity prices, which remain among the highest in the ASEAN.
  • Biomass and oil equally dominate the total energy consumption.
  • The households and services sector is the largest energy end-user.
  • The new Power Development Plan forecasts a capacity of around 3.5 GW of solar PV in 2040.
  • The transmission grid is expanded to improve electricity access to end consumers.
share of biomass in final energy consumption (2021)
electricity capacity since 2012
share of imports in electricity supply (2021)
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) is in charge of the energy policy through the General Department of Energy (GDE).

  • Energy Supply


    Little is known about the country's potential resources. The economically exploitable hydroelectric resources of the country are estimated at about 19.2 GWh, while no crude oil or natural gas resources are recorded.

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices are among the highest in the ASEAN region. They amount to US$15c/kWh for both households and industry (2022).

    There are still wide disparities in tariffs among different provinces because of the absence of a unified national network; in Preah Vihear for example, households pay as much as US$50c/kWh.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption was 0.52 toe in 2021, including about 690 kWh of electricity. This is relatively low compared to neighbouring countries.

    Total consumption reached 8.8 Mtoe in 2021, after a rapid increase over 2008-2019 of around 7%/year before slowing down.

  • Issues & Prospects

    In 2019, ADB confirmed a 5-year country partnership strategy (CPS) with Cambodia: US$1.45bn will be provided for renewable energy infrastructure and natural resources management, inter alia, with the aim of diversifying the sources of growth and building climate resilience.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021 %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Cambodia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Cambodia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Cambodia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Cambodia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).