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Cambodia energy report

Cambodia energy report
Update
Format
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
Pages
31 (Report only)
Delivery
Immediate by e-mail
Table of Contents
  • GENERAL OVERVIEW
  • INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
  • ENERGY SUPPLY
  • ENERGY PRICES
  • ENERGY CONSUMPTION
  • ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
  • DATA TABLES
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • GLOSSARY

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Overview

This analysis includes a comprehensive Cambodia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Highlights

  • Cambodia aims to reduce its GHG emissions by 42% in 2030, compared to a BaU, and reach carbon neutrality by 2050.
  • Over 80% of power capacity is held by IPPs.
  • Foreign companies dominate the upstream and downstream oil sector.
  • Power generation has been multiplied by a factor of 10 since 2010.
  • Coal imports started to become significant in 2013 with the opening of the first coal plant.
  • Oil production stopped after eight months of operations in 2021.
  • After three years of continuous rises, oil prices decreased in 2023.
  • The government has introduced substantial subsidies to contain the rise in electricity prices, which remain amongst the highest in the ASEAN.
  • Biomass and oil are the main energy sources, with around 40% of total energy consumption each.
  • Around 90% of the coal is consumed for power generation.
  • In its new Power Development Plan, Cambodia plans to invest US$1.8bn to improve its electricity transmission network.
  • Following the Government's decision to stop building new coal plants, a new 800 MW gas plant is expected.
-42%
GHG emission reduction by 2030
1.8bn
investments in US$ by 2040 for power transmission
82%
share of IPPs in power capacity
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) is in charge of the energy policy through the General Department of Energy (GDE).

  • Energy Supply

    Resources:

    Little is known about the country's potential resources. The economically exploitable hydroelectric resources of the country are estimated at about 19.2 GWh, while no crude oil or natural gas resources are recorded.

  • Energy Prices

    Oil:

    Between 2020 and 2022, oil prices surged following international prices (+46% for gasoline and +80% for diesel in 2022). They decreased in 2023, by 16% for diesel (to US$1.03/l) and by 2% for gasoline (to US$1.02/l).

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption was 0.53 toe in 2022, including about 800 kWh of electricity (twice less than the ASEAN average for electricity).

    Total consumption growth has slowed down significantly since 2019 (1.4%/year), after a rapid increase over 2010-2019 (around 7%/year). It reached almost 9 Mtoe in 2022.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Gas:

    As part of China's Belt & Road programme, CNOOC Gas & Power intends to develop a gas-fired power plant and an FSRU with 550 kt capacity. The construction of a larger import terminal with 3 Mt/y capacity could take place later in the next Phase (2025 to 2029).

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Cambodia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Cambodia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Cambodia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Cambodia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).