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Belarus energy report

Belarus energy report
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
25 (Report only)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Belarus energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • In its updated NDC, Belarus committed to reducing GHG emissions by 35% below the 1990 level by 2030.
  • The energy sector is dominated by 3 monopolies: Belenergo for the power sector, Belorusneft for oil, and Gazprom for natural gas.
  • Belarus imports most of its oil and gas from Russia. Gas dominates the power mix (95%), but the country recently commissioned a nuclear plant.
  • Oil prices are among the lowest in the region.
  • Electricity prices fluctuate with the gas price.
  • Energy consumption per capita is twice as low as in Russia.
  • Gas supplies around two thirds of the energy consumption.
  • The country will commission its second nuclear unit in 2022.


energy dependence on Russia


share of natural gas in energy consumption


reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (Minenergo) is in charge of the country's energy policy, including the security of supply.

    The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection is in charge of regulating the power generation from renewable energy sources.

  • Energy Companies


    The oil sector is supervised by Belneftekhim, a state-owned holding company subordinated to the Council of Ministers. It owns several companies, including Belorusneft, Naftan, and Mozy Oil Refinery.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production is low (0.2 bcm in 2020) and the country imports its entire gas consumption from Russia (19 bcm in 2020).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices are set by the government. Since 2016, electricity prices for residential consumers in dollars increased on average by 11%/year to US$c7.8/kWh in 2020.


  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stands at 2.7 toe (2020), including approximately 3 500 kWh of electricity; such consumption levels are around half those for Russia.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Belarus energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Belarus country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Belarus Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Belarus energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Belarus country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.