Belarus energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Belarus energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Belarus energy report
July 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
24 (Report only)

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  • In its NDC Belarus committed to reducing GHG emissions by 28% below the 1990 level by 2030.
  • The energy sector is dominated by 3 monopolies: Belenergo for the power sector, Belorusneft for oil, and Gazprom for natural gas.
  • Belarus imports more than 90% of its oil and gas from Russia. Gas dominates the power mix (97%).
  • Oil prices are among the lowest in the region.
  • Electricity prices fluctuate with the gas price.
  • Gas supplies around two thirds of the energy consumption.
  • The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 42% of final consumption (2019).
  • The country will commission its second nuclear unit in 2022.


energy dependence on Russia


share of natural gas in energy consumption


reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (Minenergo) is in charge of the country's energy policy, including the security of supply.

    The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection is in charge of regulating the power generation from renewable energy sources.

  • Energy Companies


    Belenergo is the national vertically integrated electricity company, created in 1994. It is controlled by the Ministry of Energy.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production is low (0.16 bcm in 2019) and the country imports gas from Russia (19 bcm in 2019). The price of Russian gas sold to Belarus has been raised gradually to market prices, from US$50/1 000 m3 in 2006 to US$100 in 2007 and to US$165 between 2011 and 2014.

  • Energy Prices


    Oil prices are regulated. Diesel and gasoline prices have been increasing since 2016 after a 27% and 29% drop, respectively, between 2014 and 2015; the prices reached US$0.79/l in 2019. Moreover, oil prices are among the lowest in the region.


  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stands at 2.8 toe (2019), including approximately 3 500 kWh of electricity.

    Total energy consumption increased by 5% in 2018 and remained stable in 2019 (26.7 Mtoe); previously, it had remained roughly stable between 2015 and 2017 (around 25 Mtoe).


Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Belarus energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Belarus energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Belarus energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Belarus country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Belarus Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Belarus energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Belarus country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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