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Belarus energy report

Belarus energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Belarus energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Belarus aims to reach a share of 9% of renewables in the energy mix by 2035.
  • In its updated NDC, the country committed to reduce its GHG emissions by 35% below the 1990 level in 2030.
  • The energy sector is dominated by 3 monopolies: Belenergo for power, Belorusneft for oil, and Gazprom for natural gas.
  • Belarus imports most of its oil and gas from Russia at discounted prices.
  • A second nuclear unit was commissioned in November 2023.
  • Gas dominates the power mix (80%), followed by nuclear (12%).
  • Oil prices have increased by 10%/year since 2020.They are much lower than in Russia.
  • Electricity prices fluctuate with the gas price.
  • Gas supplies 56% of the energy mix, followed by oil (29%).
  • Households and services absorb 44% of the final energy consumption.
  • Power projects suffer from delays.
of renewables in the energy mix in 2035
of final energy used in the residential sector
reduction in GHG emissions by 2030
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (Minenergo) is in charge of the country's energy policy, including the security of supply.

    The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection is in charge of regulating the power generation from renewable energy sources.

  • Energy Companies


    The oil sector is supervised by Belneftekhim, a state-owned holding company subordinated to the Council of Ministers. It owns several companies, including Belorusneft, Naftan, and Mozy Oil Refinery.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production is low (0.2 bcm in 2022) and the country imports most of its gas consumption from Russia (18.3 bcm in 2022).

  • Energy Prices


    Oil prices are set by the government but tend to follow international oil prices. Diesel and gasoline prices in dollars have increased rapidly since 2020 reaching respectively US$0.99/l for diesel (+12%/year) and US$0.94/l for gasoline in 2023 (8%/year).

    Oil prices were 30% higher for diesel and 40% higher for gasoline compared to Russia in 2022.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption stands at 2.8 toe (2022), including around 3 700 kWh of electricity; such consumption levels are around half those for Russia.

    After a peak at 30 Mtoe in 2012, total energy consumption had a declining trend until 2020. It rebounded by nearly 9% in 2021 before declining again in 2022 (-4%) to 26 Mtoe.


  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Belarus energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Belarus country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Belarus Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Belarus energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).