Albania energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Albania energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Albania energy report
January 2020

2 files (PDF report, Excel file)

29 (Report only)

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  • Albania is slowly transposing the European acquis, with significant delays in the adoption of new legislation.
  • Albania is considering privatising national power utility KESh and oil company Albpetrol.
  • KESh dominates power generation.
  • Albania relies on hydropower generation and imports to meet its electricity demand.
  • The country produces limited amounts of oil, but has large lignite reserves.
  • Electricity prices are 45% below the EU average, while gasoline and diesel prices are close to EU prices.
  • Energy consumption has increased at a moderate pace since 2010.
  • Oil and hydropower dominate energy consumption.
  • Albania continues to develop its hydropower potential, but many infrastructure projects remain in limbo.
  • The country will benefit from the TAP gas pipeline.


of power generation from hydro


renewable target in final energy consumption in 2020


electricity distribution losses (2018)


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Infrastructures and Energy supervises the energy sector.

    The National Agency of Natural Resources (AKBN) is in charge of implementing the energy policy and regulating the hydrocarbon sector and mining activities.

    An Energy Regulatory Entity (ERE), in charge of regulating the energy market and electricity prices, was set up in 1995.

  • Energy Companies


    Albgaz owns all gas infrastructures (10 km of operational gas pipelines and 500 km of idled ones). The company was spun off from Albpetrol in 2017 to take over Albpetrol's gas activities and was certified as the gas transmission and distribution system operator.

  • Energy Supply


    Albania has an estimated hydro potential of 12 TWh. Likewise, the country has a significant potential of other renewable sources (13 TWh/year of biomass power generation, 11 TWh/year of wind and 33 MW of solar). It has limited oil reserves (33 Mt in 2018), but significant lignite reserves (522 Mt), although its sulphur content is high (over 3%).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices for households have remained stable since 2011 at €11.5c/kWh, widening the gap with the EU average (from 35% in 2011 to 45% in 2018).


  • Energy Consumption

    Consumption per capita is much lower than the EU average, at approximately 0.8 toe (74% below the EU average), including around 2 200 kWh of electricity (60% below the EU average) (2018).

    Total energy consumption has grown slowly since 2004 (+0.6%/year), reaching 2.4 Mtoe in 2017 (stable in 2018). It soared between 1995 and 2004 (+5.6%/year).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The Government's objective is to be able to meet the growing electricity demand, taking into account important losses on the network. Albania and Kosovo have signed a cooperation agreement regarding the construction of a lignite-fired power plant in Kosovo and the sharing of power generation.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Albania energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)

List of Tables

In the Albania energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Albania energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Albania country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Albania Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Albania energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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