Bosnia-Herzegovina Energy Information
Bosnia-Herzegovina Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.70 %/year
Energy independence: 66.8%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 6.36 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.0%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Bosnia-Herzegovina energy report
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Bosnia-Herzegovina Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's overall consumption per capita reaches 1.8 toe (36% below the EU average in 2019) with electricity accounting for 3 435 kWh (36% below the EU average).
The country's total consumption increased rapidly between 2015 and 2017 (+5.5%/year) and remained stable in 2018 at 6.4 Mtoe, before declining by 5.2% to 6.1 Mtoe in 2019. It had increased very rapidly between 1995 and 2011 (+10%/year) and declined until 2015.
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The 4.2 Mt/year Bosanski Brod refinery, situated in the Republic of Srpska, has been modernised to produce Euro-5 fuels and MTBE. In 2018, oil refining volumes fell by 23% to 675 kt due to an emergency shutdown in October. The refinery has been idle since then; it is expected to resume operations as of mid-2021, as a new gas pipeline now connect the refinery to the Croatian gas system, enabling the refinery to use gas instead of heavy fuel oil. Oil product imports rose by more than 5%/year until 2018 and then surged by 37% in 2019 as the refinery was idle.
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
A National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) was adopted in 2016, reaffirming the 40% target for renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (38% reached in 2019), 57% for electricity (45% in 2019), 52% for heating and cooling (56%), and 10% for transport (less than 0.5%).
Both entities have adopted their own renewable energy laws (in 2013), their own feed-in tariffs (FiTs) and their own NREAPs (in 2014).
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In April 2020, Bosnia and Herzegovina updated its 2017 NDC. It aims to cut its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 12.8% by 2030 compared to 2014 (-33.2% compared to 1990), using its domestic resources (unconditional target), and by 17.5% compared to 2014 (-36.8% compared to 1990) with international support (conditional target). In the long run, the GHG emissions reduction target for 2050 is 50% (unconditional) and 55% (conditional) compared to 2014 (-61.7% and -65.6%, respectively, compared to 1990).
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