Bosnia-Herzegovina Energy Information
2018 Bosnia-Herzegovina Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.62 %/year
Energy independence: 73.5%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 6.43 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.4%
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Total Energy Consumption
The country's overall consumption per capita reaches 1.8 toe (37% below the EU average in 2018) with electricity accounting for 3 350 kWh (38% below the EU average).
The country's total consumption increased rapidly between 2015 and 2017 (+5.5%/year) and remained stable in 2018 at 6.4 Mtoe. It increased very rapidly between 1995 and 2011 (+10%/year) and declined until 2015.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The 4.2 Mt/year Bosanski Brod refinery, situated in the Republic of Srpska, is the country's only refinery. The refinery has been modernised to produce Euro-5 fuels and MTBE. However, only part of the capacity is operated (1.2 Mt/year). In 2018, oil refining volumes fell by 23% to 675 kt due to an emergency shutdown in October 2018. The refinery has been idle since then; it is expected to resume operations in the third quarter of 2020, when a new gas pipeline will connect the refinery to the Croatian gas system, enabling the refinery to use gas instead of heavy fuel oil.
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
A National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) was adopted in 2016, reaffirming the 40% target for renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (23% reached in 2017), 57% for electricity, 52% for heating and cooling, and 10% for transport.
Both entities have adopted their own renewable energy laws (in 2013), their own feed-in tariffs (FiTs) and their own NREAPs (in 2014).
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2017, Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its NDC, which plans for a 3% reduction on 1990 levels (23% reduction on a BaU scenario in 2030), provided it secures international support (unconditional reduction of 2%).
CO2 emissions from energy combustion have been stable at around 22 Mt since 2016. They increased 7-fold (+13%/year) between 1995 and 2011 before declining by 6.6%/year until 2014 and rising again until 2016.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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