Bosnia-Herzegovina Energy Information
Bosnia-Herzegovina Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.70 %/year
Energy independence: 66.8%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 6.36 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.0%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Bosnia-Herzegovina energy report
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Bosnia-Herzegovina Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's overall consumption per capita reaches 1.8 toe (36% below the EU average in 2019) with electricity accounting for 3 435 kWh (36% below the EU average).
The country's total consumption increased rapidly between 2015 and 2017 (+5.5%/year) and remained stable in 2018 at 6.4 Mtoe, before declining by 5.2% to 6.1 Mtoe in 2019. It increased very rapidly between 1995 and 2011 (+10%/year) and declined until 2015.
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The 4.2 Mt/year Bosanski Brod refinery, situated in the Republic of Srpska, has been modernised to produce Euro-5 fuels and MTBE. In 2018, oil refining volumes fell by 23% to 675 kt due to an emergency shutdown in October. The refinery has been idle since then; it is expected to resume operations as of mid-2021, as a new gas pipeline now connect the refinery to the Croatian gas system, enabling the refinery to use gas instead of heavy fuel oil. Oil product imports are rising by more than 5%/year (until 2018) and they surged by 37% in 2019 as the refinery was idle.
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
A National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) was adopted in 2016, reaffirming the 40% target for renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (38% reached in 2019), 57% for electricity (45% in 2019), 52% for heating and cooling (56%), and 10% for transport (less than 0.5%).
Both entities have adopted their own renewable energy laws (in 2013), their own feed-in tariffs (FiTs) and their own NREAPs (in 2014).
Interactive Chart Bosnia-Herzegovina Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In April 2020, Bosnia and Herzegovina updated its 2017 NDC. It aims to cut its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 12.8% by 2030 compared to 2014 (-33.2% compared to 1990) using its domestic resources (unconditional target) and by 17.5% compared to 2014 (-36.8% compared to 1990) with international support (conditional target). In the long run, the GHG emissions reduction target for 2050 is 50% (unconditional) and 55% (conditional) compared to 2014 (-61.7% and -65.6%, respectively, compared to 1990).
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