Turkey energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Turkey energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Turkey energy report
June 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
41 (Report only)

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  • The country targets producing 50% of its electricity from renewables in 2023.
  • Private companies account for around 75% of the power capacity.
  • The country is very dependent on natural gas and oil imports (99% and 91%, respectively).
  • The share of coal and lignite in the power mix has increased by 9 points since 2010; the share of wind and solar reached 12% in 2019.
  • The country has very high motor fuel prices, but low gas prices, especially for households.
  • Total energy demand has remained stable since 2017. Power generation absorbs a large share of coal and lignite. Buildings are the main gas consumers, while oil is mostly used in transport.
  • Only one nuclear project is moving forward. The development of coal and lignite-fired generation is continuing.
  • Significant amounts of natural gas have recently been discovered in the Black Sea by TPAO.


electricity production from wind & solar in 2020


gas and coal imports since 2010


consecutive years of stable energy consumption since 2017


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    MENR, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (ETKB in Turkish) controls the energy sector.

  • Energy Companies


    TEK, the Turkish Electricity Authority, which acted as the national power company until 1993, was gradually split into four companies: EUAS (Production), TEIAS (Transmission), TEDAS (Distribution) and TETAS (Marketing).

  • Energy Supply


    Turkey covers only 9% of its total oil needs with a production of 4.0 Mt of crude oil (2020).

    The total refining capacity of 0.8 mb/d is distributed over 6 refineries, including 2 large ones belonging to Tupras: Aliaga in Izmir and Izmit (0.22 mb/d each). The STAR refinery (0.2 mb/d) was completed in 2018 by Socar.

  • Energy Prices


    Oil prices are close to the EU average. They dropped in 2020 in line with international prices, reaching €0.82/l for gasoline and €0.76/l for diesel.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total consumption per capita is around 1.7 toe (2020) (of which 3 080 kWh from electricity) compared to about 3.1 toe for the EU.

  • Issues & Prospects


    TEIAS forecasts a 34 GW increase in electricity capacity between 2018 and 2022 (+11 GW over 2018-2020).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Turkey energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Turkey energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Turkey energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Turkey country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Turkey Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Turkey energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Turkey country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Turkey country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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