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World energy trends 2013

2 Jun 2014

BRICS* and the U.S. draw the world's energy consumption

Enerdata analyses the trends in energy demand, based on its 2013 data for G20 countries

2013 is characterized by dynamic markets in the USA. Apart from the USA, the OECD countries are experiencing a mixed situation, as a result of the stagnation or the decline of their energy consumption. On the other hand, BRICS countries, led by China, continue to show a strong dynamism. These countries confirm their place increasingly dominant in the new global energy balances. As a result, CO2 emissions and energy continue their increase (+2% in 2013 i.e 26.1 GtCO2), at a very similar rate than the evolution of the growth in global energy demand (+2.8%).

Among OECD countries, the US and Canada clearly distinguished

With a 53 Mtoe consumption’s increase in 2013, the USA are experiencing the strongest energy demand increase of the OECD countries. Inversely, Japan and the EU** have experienced a decrease in their energy demand (-2 and -9 Mtoe, respectively). The U.S. are experiencing important trend’s changes, especially with an increase in gas prices (+37% on average between 2012 and 2013). Consequently, coal has come out (+3.9% in 2013 against -10.7% in 2012), to the detriment of gas. Within the EU, the difficult economic situation is reflected by a simultaneous reduction in oil, gas, coal, and electricity consumption. Meanwhile, Japan has a mixed record, with stable gas consumption, growth of coal, and a decrease in electricity and oil consumption.

* BRICS = Brazil + Russia + India + China + South Africa
** EU = 28 countries

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